Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1666

Shrub; Woody vine
Perennial

Non-native: east & southeast Asia & nearby islands
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in GA)

Look for it on coastal dunes, planted for ornament & stabilization, and now spreading aggressively as an invasive species, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
NC Department of Transportation
SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014

 

full sun ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple, or palmately compound: 3 leaflets
Opposite

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Purple/ Bluish-purple
Bilaterally symmetrical
Slightly 2-lipped 5-toothed calyx
2-lipped 5-lobed salverform corolla
4 exserted stamens, attached to corolla tube

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Purple-black

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Vitex rotundifolia   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Vitex rotundifolia   FAMILY Verbenaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Beach Vitex, Roundleaf Chaste-tree


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Vitex rotundifolia

    wwwhqusacearmymil_vitex

        

Kudzu of the Beach

image of Vitex rotundifolia

Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org    bug_5285038

Month Unknown        HI

A shrub or woody vine with runners, this can sprawl more than 60', per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.

image of Vitex rotundifolia

Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org     bug_5286092

Month Unknown        

Stems root at nodes, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.

image of Vitex rotundifolia

Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org     bug_5286095

Month Unknown        

Brittle stems break during high tides, floating off to colonize new beaches, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.

image of Vitex rotundifolia

Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org     bug_5287063

Month Unknown        

Leaves oval, silvery-gray, with a spicy odor when crushed, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.

image of Vitex rotundifolia

Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org     bug_5287075

Month Unknown        

Small clusters of violet-blue flowers bloom at branch ends, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.