OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 26 taxa in the family Verbenaceae, Vervain family, as understood by PLANTS National Database.

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Brazilian Vervain

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Verbena brasiliensis   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Verbena brasiliensis   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena brasiliensis 162-01-001   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Roadsides, disturbed areas, old fields, clearings

Common (rare in NC Mountains)

Non-native: South America

 


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camera icon Common Name: Purpletop Vervain, Tall Vervain

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Verbena bonariensis   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Verbena bonariensis   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena bonariensis 162-01-002   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Roadsides, disturbed areas, old fields

Uncommon in Carolina Coastal Plain (rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC)

Non-native: South America

 


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camera icon Common Name: Purpletop Vervain, Tall Vervain

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Verbena incompta   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Verbena bonariensis   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena bonariensis 162-01-002?   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Roadsides, disturbed areas, old fields

Common (uncommon in NC Piedmont, rare in Mountains)

Non-native: South America

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: White Vervain, Nettleleaf Verbena, Velvetleaf Vervain

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Verbena urticifolia   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Verbena urticifolia var. urticifolia   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena urticifolia 162-01-007   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Floodplain forests, mesic and dry upland forests, disturbed habitats

Common (uncommon in GA Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


need drawing of Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain, Common Vervain, Simpler's-joy need picture of Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain, Common Vervain, Simpler's-joy need picture Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain, Common Vervain, Simpler's-joy need picture of Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain, Common Vervain, Simpler's-joy need picture of Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain, Common Vervain, Simpler's-joy
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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Blue Vervain, Common Vervain, Simpler's-joy

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Verbena hastata   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Verbena hastata var. hastata   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena hastata 162-01-008   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Fens, marshes, bogs, meadows, calcareous spring marshes, riverbanks, low fields

Rare in NC (waifs in GA & SC)

Native to North Carolina (introduced southward)

 


drawing of Verbena stricta, Hoary Vervain need picture of Verbena stricta, Hoary Vervain need picture Verbena stricta, Hoary Vervain need picture of Verbena stricta, Hoary Vervain need picture of Verbena stricta, Hoary Vervain
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Common Name: Hoary Vervain

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Verbena stricta   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Verbena stricta   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena stricta 162-01-009   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Prairies, glades, barrens, pastures, and roadsides

Waif(s)

Native: central US

 


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camera icon Common Name: Narrowleaf Vervain

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Verbena simplex   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Verbena simplex   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena simplex 162-01-010   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Glades, prairies, woodlands, forests, rock outcrops, and roadsides, over limestone or mafic rocks

Uncommon in GA Mountains & NC Piedmont (rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Carolina Vervain, Carolina False Vervain

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Verbena carnea   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Stylodon carneus   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena carnea 162-01-011   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Sandy woodlands, longleaf pine sandhills

Common in Coastal Plain of GA & SC, uncommon in NC Coastal Plain (rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Stiff Verbena, Tuberous Vervain, Veiny Vervain

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Verbena rigida   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Verbena rigida   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

(?) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena rigida 162-01-013   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Prairies, pastures, roadsides, disturbed areas

Common (rare in GA Mountains) (rare in NC Piedmont)

Non-native: South America

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Rose Vervain, Rose Verbena, Creeping Vervain

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Glandularia canadensis   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Glandularia canadensis   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena canadensis 162-01-014   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Roadsides, longleaf pine sandhills, calcareous glades, rocky prairies, other dry sandy or rocky soils

Uncommon in GA, rare in Carolinas

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Moss Vervain, South American Vervain, Moss Verbena

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Glandularia aristigera   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) PLANTS National Database: Glandularia pulchella   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena tenuisecta 162-01-016   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Pastures, roadsides, other disturbed areas

Common in Coastal Plain, uncommon in Piedmont of GA & SC (rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC)

Non-native: South America

 


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Common Name: Dakota Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Dry prairies on clay soils

Rare

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Marsh Frogfruit, Northern Frogfruit, Lanceleaf Frogfruit

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Phyla lanceolata   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Phyla lanceolata   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lippia lanceolata 162-02-001   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Oligohaline tidal marshes, tidal swamps, maritime swamps, dune swales and ponds, other marshes, seasonally exposed shores of rivers, ditches

Common in NC Coastal Plain, uncommon in SC Coastal Plain (rare in GA)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Creeping Frogfruit, Capeweed, Turkey-tangle, Sawtooth Frogfruit

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Phyla nodiflora   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Phyla nodiflora   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lippia nodiflora 162-02-002   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Interdune swales, shell middens, sandy soils of roadsides, lawns, ditches, impoundments, disturbed areas

Common in Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Chaste-tree

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Vitex agnus-castus   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Vitex agnus-castus var. agnus-castus   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Vitex agnus-castus 162-03-001   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Pastures, woodland edges, suburban woodlands

Rare in GA & SC (waifs in NC)

Non-native: Mediterranean Europe

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Beach Vitex, Roundleaf Chaste-tree

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Vitex rotundifolia   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Vitex rotundifolia   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Coastal dunes, planted for ornament and stabilization and now spreading aggressively as an invasive species

Uncommon (rare in GA)

Non-native: east & southeast Asia & nearby islands

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Beautyberry, French-mulberry, Beautybush

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Callicarpa americana   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Callicarpa americana   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Callicarpa americana 162-04-001   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Hammocks, other forests (especially with sandy or rocky soils), maritime forests (the main habitat northward), pine flatwoods, disturbed areas

Common (uncommon in GA Mountains, rare in Carolina Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Chinese Beautyberry, Purple Beautyberry

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Callicarpa dichotoma   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Callicarpa dichotoma   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Callicarpa dichotoma 162-04-002   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Roadsides, powerline rights-of-way, woodland edges, suburban woodlands, bogs, bottomlands

Rare

Non-native: Asia

 


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Common Name: Japanese Beautyberry

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Callicarpa japonica   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Callicarpa japonica   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Suburban woodlands

Waif(s)

Non-native: east Asia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Florida Lantana, East Florida Lantana

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Lantana depressa var. floridana   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Lantana depressa var. floridana   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN (MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lantana ovatifolia 162-05-001   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Coastal strands, xeric hammocks, scrubby pine flatwoods, edges of brackish marshes, dunes; the AL, SC, and NC occurrences apparently introduced from FL

Rare

Native to Florida & extreme southeast GA (introduced in AL, NC, & SC)

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Lantana, Hedgeflower

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Lantana strigocamara   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) PLANTS National Database: Lantana camara   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lantana camara 162-05-002   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Disturbed areas, especially near the coast

Common in GA Coastal Plain, uncommon in SC Coastal Plain (rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC)

Non-native: of garden hybrid origin

 


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Common Name: Texas Lantana, Hierba De Cristo, West Indies Shrub-verbena

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Lantana urticoides   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Lantana urticoides   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN (MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lantana horrida 162-05-003   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Disturbed and brackish areas

Rare

Native: Texas & the West Indies

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Trailing Shrub-verbena, Polecat-geranium, Trailing Lantana

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Lantana montevidensis   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Lantana montevidensis   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Landscaped areas, disturbed areas

Rare

Non-native: South America

 


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speaker icon Common Name: Clerodendrum, Rose Glorybower

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Clerodendrum bungei   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Clerodendrum bungei   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Roadsides and suburban woodlands, spread from horticultural use

Rare

Non-native: east Asia

 


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speaker icon Common Name: Harlequin Glorybower

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Clerodendrum trichotomum var. ferrugineum   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Clerodendrum trichotomum var. ferrugineum   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Habitat: Roadsides, streambanks; cultivated and strongly naturalized

Rare

Non-native: east Asia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Lopseed

Weakley's Flora: (4/24/22) Phryma leptostachya   FAMILY: Phrymaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Phryma leptostachya   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Phryma leptostachya 163-01-001   FAMILY: Phrymaceae

 

Habitat: Bottomland forests, nutrient-rich slopes, mesic hammocks, in the Coastal Plain primarily in places underlain by coquina limestone (‘marl’) and essentially absent from the more acidic portions of the Coastal Plain

Common (uncommon in Carolina Coastal Plain) (rare in GA Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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"We thought we knew everything about everything, and it turned out that there were unknown unknowns." — Richard Fisher