Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1871

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon

Look for it in diabase barrens & glades, olivine barrens, pine savannas, pine flatwoods over loamy or clay soils, other open sites with at least periodic moisture, generally in sites showing some prairie affinities, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Summer
White/ Greenish
5-merous
Inferior ovary
Flowers in compact heads

FRUIT:
Summer
Schizocarp of two mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Apiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium   FAMILY Apiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium   FAMILY Apiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 140-04-003a:
Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium   FAMILY Apiaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Northern Rattlesnake-master, Button Snakeroot


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium

JK Marlow    jkm0505s_10

May    Williamsburg County    SC

Stiff, swordlike, spiny-margined, parallel-veined basal leaves, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium

JK Marlow    jkm0505s_11

May    Williamsburg County    SC

An anomaly in having elongate & parallel-veined leaves, like the monocots, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium

JK Marlow    jkm070505_011

May    Mecklenburg County    NC

Charlotte Mecklenburg McDowell Piedmont Prairie Restoration

image of Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium

JK Marlow    jkm0506j_11

June    Oconee County    SC

Bractlets ovate or broadly lanceolate, prominent, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium

JK Marlow    jkm140614_955

June    Oconee County    SC

image of Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium

JK Marlow    jkm0307j_13

July    Buncombe County    NC

NC Arboretum

Newly-opened flowers shed pollen, later stigmas spread and become receptive, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium

JK Marlow    jkm0507l_21

July    Oconee County    SC

Tiny flowers in spherical heads almost 1" across, in wide-branching umbels, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium

JK Marlow    jkm150712_485

July    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

image of Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium

JK Marlow    jkm150712_488

July    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

image of Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium

JK Marlow    jkm150712_489

July    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

image of Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_eryngium_yuccifolium

August        

image of Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium

Sam Pratt    sbp_3395

September    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

image of Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium

Sam Pratt    sbp_3398

September    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

image of Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmeyuccifolium_scotts

Month Unknown    Williamsburg County    SC

Bracts & bractlets lanceolate, sharp, not extending beyond flower heads, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.