Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1876

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in moist soil, marshes, margin of streams, ponds, lakes & swamps, low meadows, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun Aquatic ...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple - leaves consist of bladeless sheaths
-

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Greenish/ Pale brown
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals in two whorls of 3
3 stamens
Superior ovary
Inflorescence appears lateral, its erect bract resembling a continuation of culm

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Juncus effusus ssp. solutus   FAMILY Juncaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Juncus effusus var. solutus   FAMILY Juncaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS National Database
Juncus effusus var. conglomeratus

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of Vascular Plants of NE US & Adjacent Canada (Gleason & Cronquist,1991)
Juncus effusus var. solutus

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 040-01-001:
Juncus effusus   FAMILY Juncaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Juncus effusus

 

COMMON NAME:
Soft Rush, Common Rush


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Juncus effusus ssp. solutus, Soft Rush, Common Rush

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_juco9_001_pvd

        

image of Juncus effusus ssp. solutus, Soft Rush, Common Rush

JK Marlow    jkm0304g_37

April    Beaufort County    SC

Hunting Island State Park

image of Juncus effusus ssp. solutus, Soft Rush, Common Rush

JK Marlow    jkm130430_895

April    Spartanburg County    SC

Rhizomes short-branched, in distinct often large clumps. Culms erect, terete, per Flora of North America.

image of Juncus effusus ssp. solutus, Soft Rush, Common Rush

JK Marlow    jkm160416_234

April    Lowndes County    GA

image of Juncus effusus ssp. solutus, Soft Rush, Common Rush

JK Marlow    jkm210523_0727

May    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Smooth perennial herb, 12-48" tall; flowering stems erect, green, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Juncus effusus ssp. solutus, Soft Rush, Common Rush

JK Marlow    jkm210523_0729

May    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

image of Juncus effusus ssp. solutus, Soft Rush, Common Rush

JK Marlow    jkm210523_0730

May    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

image of Juncus effusus ssp. solutus, Soft Rush, Common Rush

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmjeffusussolu_moultrie

May    Berkeley County    SC

Lake Moultrie

Flowers greenish or pale brown, petals & sepals essentially alike, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Juncus effusus ssp. solutus, Soft Rush, Common Rush

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmjeffususvarsolutus_bl

June        

Branched inflorescence spreads laterally from base of the involucral leaf, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.