OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Dichanthelium clandestinum   FAMILY Poaceae   NEW! Click to go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Dichanthelium clandestinum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Dichanthelium clandestinum

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-81-061:
Panicum clandestinum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Panicum clandestinum

 

COMMON NAME:
Deer-tongue Witchgrass


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_dicl_002_lvd

        

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_pacl5_001_lvd

        

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm210406_9170

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200525_5183

May    Greenville County    SC

Vernal inflorescences visible; autumnal ones hidden within the leaf sheaths, per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200525_5190

May    Greenville County    SC

Vernal culms in large clumps, robust, tall (up to 1.5m), per The Grasses of North Carolina (Blomquist, 1948).

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200525_5192

May    Greenville County    SC

Blades spreading or finally reflexed, 10-20cm long, 1.2-3cm wide, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200526_5336

May    Greenville County    SC

Leaf sheaths often overlapping (thus, parts of the stem are not visible), per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200528_5357

May    Greenville County    SC

Leaf sheaths (at least the lower ones) papillose-hispid with spreading hairs, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200528_5361

May    Greenville County    SC

Node.

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm210610_1255

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200703_6385

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200703_6387

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm210714_2218

July    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm130824_586

August    Spartanburg County    SC

Blades glabrous both surfaces, margins scaberulose, bases cordate, ciliate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm130824_592

August    Spartanburg County    SC

Seed from reduced panicles of summer-fall cleistogamous flowers in leaf sheath

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm130824_595

August    Spartanburg County    SC

Sheaths papillose-hirsute to almost glabrous, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm111008_784

October    Jackson County    NC

Balsam Mountain Preserve

Vernal culms in large dense clumps, 70-150cm tall, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum, Deer-tongue Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm111008_786

October    Jackson County    NC

Balsam Mountain Preserve

Autumnal culms erect or leaning, the branches leafy, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Dichanthelium clandestinum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Dichanthelium clandestinum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Dichanthelium clandestinum

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-81-061:
Panicum clandestinum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Panicum clandestinum

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

1882

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Habitat: Shaded to filtered woodlands, ditches and low areas, and often in moist sandy soil, per Weakley's Flora

map
NEW! Click here to see a map from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US showing range and abundance.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked, and often a basal rosette of overwintering leaves

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall

Early-season ("spring") panicles terminal; later "autumnal" panicles are lateral

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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