Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1882

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in NC-SC Coastal Plain and in GA) (rare in GA Coastal Plain)

Look for it in shaded to filtered woodlands, ditches and low areas, and often in moist sandy soil, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

shade

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked, and often a basal rosette of overwintering leaves

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Early-season ("spring") panicles terminal; later "autumnal" panicles are lateral

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Dichanthelium clandestinum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Dichanthelium clandestinum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-81-061:
Panicum clandestinum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Panicum clandestinum

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Dichanthelium clandestinum

 

COMMON NAME:
Deer-tongue Witchgrass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_dicl_002_lvd

        

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_pacl5_001_lvd

        

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum

JK Marlow    jkm0505k_26

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Blades spreading or finally reflexed, 10-20cm long, 1.2-3cm wide, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum

JK Marlow    jkm0505k_26b

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Culms scabrous to papillose-hispid, at least below the nodes, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum

JK Marlow    jkm130824_586

August    Spartanburg County    SC

Blades glabrous both surfaces, margins scaberulose, bases cordate, ciliate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum

JK Marlow    jkm130824_592

August    Spartanburg County    SC

Seed from reduced panicles of summer-fall cleistogamous flowers in leaf sheath

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum

JK Marlow    jkm130824_595

August    Spartanburg County    SC

Sheaths papillose-hirsute to almost glabrous, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum

JK Marlow    jkm111008_784

October    Jackson County    NC

Balsam Mountain Preserve

Vernal culms in large dense clumps, 70-150cm tall, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Dichanthelium clandestinum

JK Marlow    jkm111008_786

October    Jackson County    NC

Balsam Mountain Preserve

Autumnal culms erect or leaning, the branches leafy, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.