Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1893

Forb
Biennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon in Carolina Coastal Plain, rare elsewhere

Look for it in forests and along forest edges, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade

DOES THE PLANT HAVE "MILKY SAP"?
Has milky sap (latex)

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Rays: Orange-yellow/Blue
Disc: Absent
Ray flowers bisexual
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Asterales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Lactuca hirsuta   FAMILY Asteraceae_

INCLUDING PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Lactuca hirsuta var. sanguinea   FAMILY Asteraceae_

INCLUDING PLANTS National Database
Lactuca hirsuta var. hirsuta

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 179-07-004:
Lactuca hirsuta   FAMILY Asteraceae_

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Lactuca hirsuta

 

COMMON NAME:
Red Wood Lettuce, Downy Lettuce, Hairy Lettuce


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Lactuca hirsuta, Red Wood Lettuce, Downy Lettuce, Hairy Lettuce

Bryan England    bry_image004

June    Wake County    NC

Annie Louise Wilkerson, MD Nature Preserve Park

Fruiting involucres 15-22mm tall (vs. those of L. canadensis 10-15mm tall), per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Lactuca hirsuta, Red Wood Lettuce, Downy Lettuce, Hairy Lettuce

Bryan England    bry_image006

June    Wake County    NC

Annie Louise Wilkerson, MD Nature Preserve Park

Flowers heads relatively large, the involucres measuring 1/2"+ in height, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Lactuca hirsuta, Red Wood Lettuce, Downy Lettuce, Hairy Lettuce

Bryan England    bry_image011

June    Wake County    NC

Annie Louise Wilkerson, MD Nature Preserve Park

Lobes blocky, widest above base, tip blunt, square or rounded (like Post Oak), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Lactuca hirsuta, Red Wood Lettuce, Downy Lettuce, Hairy Lettuce

Bryan England    bry_image013

June    Wake County    NC

Annie Louise Wilkerson, MD Nature Preserve Park

Var. sanguinea: Lower leaves with midrib villous beneath, per Noteworthy Plants of Southeastern Virginia (Fernald, 1938) .

image of Lactuca hirsuta, Red Wood Lettuce, Downy Lettuce, Hairy Lettuce

Bryan England    bry_mage016

June    Wake County    NC

Annie Louise Wilkerson, MD Nature Preserve Park

Var. sanguinea: Stem glabrous or essentially so, per Noteworthy Plants of Southeastern Virginia (Fernald, 1938) .