Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1907

Forb
Perennial

Native to North Carolina

Documented growing wild in - NC -

Rare, endemic to the Great Smoky Mtns in NC-TN

Look for it in high elevation forests and openings, primarily in spruce-fir forests, but extending in places downslope into northern hardwood forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
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partial shade

LEAVES:
A combination of evergreen & deciduous
Simple
Mostly basal (stem leaves alternate and bractlike)

FLOWER:
Summer
Disc: Yellow
Rays: Absent
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer
Achene

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Asterales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Rugelia nudicaulis   FAMILY Asteraceae__

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Rugelia nudicaulis   FAMILY Asteraceae__

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 179-19-010:
Senecio rugelia   FAMILY Asteraceae__

SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Southeastern States (Cronquist 1980, Isely 1990)
Cacalia rugelia

 

COMMON NAME:
Rugel's Ragwort, Rugelia, Rugel's Indian Plantain


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Rugelia nudicaulis, Rugel's Ragwort, Rugelia, Rugel's Indian Plantain

L.L. (Chick) Gaddy    llg_rugelsragwort

July-August?        NC-TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Flower heads nodding, to 0.4" across, with protruding bifurcate stigmas, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Rugelia nudicaulis, Rugel's Ragwort, Rugelia, Rugel's Indian Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm190914_1488

September    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Rugelia nudicaulis, Rugel's Ragwort, Rugelia, Rugel's Indian Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm190914_1496

September    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Phyllaries in 1-2 series, erect (spreading in age), lance-linear to linear, per Flora of North America.

image of Rugelia nudicaulis, Rugel's Ragwort, Rugelia, Rugel's Indian Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm190914_1499

September    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Rugelia nudicaulis, Rugel's Ragwort, Rugelia, Rugel's Indian Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm190914_1501

September    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Locally abundant in high-elevation spruce-fir forests in the Smokies, per Great Smoky Mountains Wildflowers.

image of Rugelia nudicaulis, Rugel's Ragwort, Rugelia, Rugel's Indian Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm190914_1512

September    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Rugel's Ragwort is known only from the high elevations of the Smokies, per Alpine South: Plants and Plant Communities of the High Elevations of the Southern Appalachians.

image of Rugelia nudicaulis, Rugel's Ragwort, Rugelia, Rugel's Indian Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm190914_1514

September    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Leaves broadly ovate, 3-6" long, coarsely toothed, long-petioled, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Rugelia nudicaulis, Rugel's Ragwort, Rugelia, Rugel's Indian Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm190914_1515

September    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Rugelia nudicaulis, Rugel's Ragwort, Rugelia, Rugel's Indian Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm190914_1517

September    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Achenes are brown, smooth & cylindric; pappus is a tuft of white bristles, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Rugelia nudicaulis, Rugel's Ragwort, Rugelia, Rugel's Indian Plantain

JK Marlow    jkm190914_1562

September    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Stem leaves alternate, bract-like, much smaller than the basal leaves, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.