Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1931

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in mesic forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant caulescent (with an obvious, leafy, above-ground stem). Leaves alternate
Foliage glabrous or glabrate

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellow
Bilaterally symmetrical
Lateral petals bearded
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Viola eriocarpa   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola pubescens var. scabriuscula   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 130-02-020b:
Viola eriocarpa var. leiocarpa   FAMILY Violaceae

GREATER THAN Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Viola pensylvanica var. leiocarpa

LESS THAN Aquatic & Wetland Plants of Southeastern US (Godfrey & Wooten, 1979 & 1981)
Viola pubescens

 

COMMON NAME:
Smooth Yellow Forest Violet


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Viola eriocarpa

JK Marlow    jkm170326_263

March    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

image of Viola eriocarpa

JK Marlow    jkm170326_265

March    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

image of Viola eriocarpa

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu11476b

April    Saluda County    SC

Stems 2-several, basal leaves 4 or more, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Viola eriocarpa

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu25229b

April    Pickens County    SC

image of Viola eriocarpa

JK Marlow    jkm0404m_25

April    Polk County    NC

image of Viola eriocarpa

JK Marlow    jkm0404n_23

April    Polk County    NC

Sepals 5-6.5mm, ciliate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola eriocarpa

JK Marlow    jkm090404_090

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

Plant is essentially hairless, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Viola eriocarpa

JK Marlow    jkm090405_049

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

image of Viola eriocarpa

JK Marlow    jkm090405_051

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

Flowers on leafy stems; usually has several long-stalked basal leaves, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Viola eriocarpa

JK Marlow    jkm120403_376

April    Henderson County    NC

Holmes Educational Forest

image of Viola eriocarpa

JK Marlow    jkm120403_376b

April    Henderson County    NC

Holmes Educational Forest

Petals yellow, some with purple veins. Lateral petals bearded, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola eriocarpa

JK Marlow    jkm140417_091

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Stems 2-several; basal leaves 4 or more; foliage glabrous to glabrate, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Viola eriocarpa

JK Marlow    jkm140417_091b

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Stipules ovate-lanceolate to ovate and entire, per Violaceae of the Southeastern US. Castanea (McKinney & Russell, 2002).

image of Viola eriocarpa

JK Marlow    jkm170413_567

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Viola eriocarpa

JK Marlow    jkm170413_571

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Viola eriocarpa

JK Marlow    jkm170415_689

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Viola eriocarpa

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_viola_pensylvanica_2

April        

image of Viola eriocarpa

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu44665

June    Greenville County    SC

Table Rock Reservoir watershed