Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1931

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in mesic forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant caulescent (with an obvious, leafy, above-ground stem). Leaves alternate
Foliage glabrous or glabrate

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellow
Bilaterally symmetrical
Lateral petals bearded
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Viola eriocarpa   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola pubescens var. scabriuscula   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 130-02-020b:
Viola eriocarpa var. leiocarpa   FAMILY Violaceae

GREATER THAN Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Viola pensylvanica var. leiocarpa

LESS THAN Aquatic & Wetland Plants of Southeastern US (Godfrey & Wooten, 1979 & 1981)
Viola pubescens

 

COMMON NAME:
Smooth Yellow Forest Violet


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Viola eriocarpa, Smooth Yellow Forest Violet

JK Marlow    jkm170326_263

March    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

image of Viola eriocarpa, Smooth Yellow Forest Violet

JK Marlow    jkm170326_265

March    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

image of Viola eriocarpa, Smooth Yellow Forest Violet

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu11476b

April    Saluda County    SC

Stems 2-several, basal leaves 4 or more, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Viola eriocarpa, Smooth Yellow Forest Violet

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu25229b

April    Pickens County    SC

image of Viola eriocarpa, Smooth Yellow Forest Violet

JK Marlow    jkm0404m_25

April    Polk County    NC

image of Viola eriocarpa, Smooth Yellow Forest Violet

JK Marlow    jkm0404n_23

April    Polk County    NC

Sepals 5-6.5mm, ciliate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola eriocarpa, Smooth Yellow Forest Violet

JK Marlow    jkm090404_090

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

Plant is essentially hairless, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Viola eriocarpa, Smooth Yellow Forest Violet

JK Marlow    jkm090405_049

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

image of Viola eriocarpa, Smooth Yellow Forest Violet

JK Marlow    jkm090405_051

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

Flowers on leafy stems; usually has several long-stalked basal leaves, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Viola eriocarpa, Smooth Yellow Forest Violet

JK Marlow    jkm120403_376

April    Henderson County    NC

Holmes Educational Forest

image of Viola eriocarpa, Smooth Yellow Forest Violet

JK Marlow    jkm120403_376b

April    Henderson County    NC

Holmes Educational Forest

Petals yellow, some with purple veins. Lateral petals bearded, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola eriocarpa, Smooth Yellow Forest Violet

JK Marlow    jkm140417_091

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Stems 2-several; basal leaves 4 or more; foliage glabrous to glabrate, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Viola eriocarpa, Smooth Yellow Forest Violet

JK Marlow    jkm140417_091b

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Stipules ovate-lanceolate to ovate and entire, per Violaceae of the Southeastern US. Castanea (McKinney & Russell, 2002).

image of Viola eriocarpa, Smooth Yellow Forest Violet

JK Marlow    jkm170413_567

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Viola eriocarpa, Smooth Yellow Forest Violet

JK Marlow    jkm170413_571

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Viola eriocarpa, Smooth Yellow Forest Violet

JK Marlow    jkm170415_689

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Viola eriocarpa, Smooth Yellow Forest Violet

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_viola_pensylvanica_2

April        

image of Viola eriocarpa, Smooth Yellow Forest Violet

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu44665

June    Greenville County    SC

Table Rock Reservoir watershed