Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1933

Forb
Perennial/Winter annual

Native to the Carolinas

Documented growing wild in - NC SC

Uncommon in NC, rare in SC

Look for it in rich mesic to wet-mesic forests on lower slopes and bottomlands, especially over mafic or calcareous rocks, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant caulescent (with an obvious, leafy, above-ground stem). Leaves alternate
Margins of apical half of blade with conspicuous marginal teeth
Stem & leaves sparsely to moderately hirtellous with easily visible hairs

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellow
Bilaterally symmetrical
Lateral petals bearded
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Viola glaberrima   FAMILY Violaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola tripartita   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Viola (Ballard [in prep])
Viola glaberrima

INCLUDED WITHIN Flora of North America
Viola tripartita

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 130-02-018b:
Viola tripartita var. glaberrima   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Viola tripartita var. glaberrima

 

COMMON NAME:
Threepart Violet, Three-parted Yellow Violet


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Viola glaberrima, Threepart Violet, Three-parted Yellow Violet

JK Marlow    jkm100314_108

March    Decatur County    GA

Usually synonymized under or treated as a variety of V. tripartita, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Viola glaberrima, Threepart Violet, Three-parted Yellow Violet

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu54374

April    Clay County    NC

image of Viola glaberrima, Threepart Violet, Three-parted Yellow Violet

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu54752b

April    Abbeville County    SC

image of Viola glaberrima, Threepart Violet, Three-parted Yellow Violet

JK Marlow    jkm110415_426

April    Carroll County    GA

Leaves have truncate or wedge-shaped - but never cordate - bases, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Viola glaberrima, Threepart Violet, Three-parted Yellow Violet

JK Marlow    jkm110415_430

April    Carroll County    GA

Petals yellow, some with purple veins. Lateral petals bearded, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola glaberrima, Threepart Violet, Three-parted Yellow Violet

JK Marlow    jkm110415_431

April    Carroll County    GA

Upper two petals suffused with purple on the back. Sepals 5-6.5mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.