Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1933

Forb
Perennial/Winter annual

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in NC) (rare in Coastal Plain)

Look for it on moist slopes and in bottomlands, esp over mafic or calcareous rocks, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant caulescent (with an obvious, leafy, above-ground stem). Leaves alternate
Leaves glabrous or lightly pubescent

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellow
Bilaterally symmetrical
Lateral petals bearded
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Viola tripartita var. glaberrima   FAMILY Violaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola tripartita   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 130-02-018b:
Viola tripartita var. glaberrima   FAMILY Violaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Three-parted Yellow Violet, Three-parted Violet


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Viola tripartita var. glaberrima

JK Marlow    jkm100314_108

March    Decatur County    GA

Recognition of the variety glaberrima has been debated in recent years.

image of Viola tripartita var. glaberrima

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu54752

April    Abbeville County    SC

The variety glaberrima may warrant specific rank, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Viola tripartita var. glaberrima

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu54752b

April    Abbeville County    SC

Leaves have truncate or wedge-shaped - but never cordate - bases, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Viola tripartita var. glaberrima

JK Marlow    jkm110415_426

April    Carroll County    GA

image of Viola tripartita var. glaberrima

JK Marlow    jkm110415_430

April    Carroll County    GA

Petals yellow, some with purple veins. Lateral petals bearded, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola tripartita var. glaberrima

JK Marlow    jkm110415_431

April    Carroll County    GA

Upper two petals suffused with purple on the back. Sepals 5-6.5mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.