Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2042

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Mountains & GA Coastal Plain, rare in NC Mtns)

Look for it in fields, roadsides, woodland borders (of moist to dry sites, rarely in wetlands), per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Mostly alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Fall
Panicle whitish to tawny

FRUIT:
Fall
Grain reddish
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Erianthus alopecuroides   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Saccharum alopecuroides   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-85-001:
Erianthus alopecuroides   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Saccharum alopecuroidum

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Erianthus divaricatus

 

COMMON NAME:
Silver Plumegrass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Erianthus alopecuroides

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_eral2_001_lvd

        

image of Erianthus alopecuroides

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_erdi11_001_lvd

        

image of Erianthus alopecuroides

JK Marlow    jkm0401d_08

January    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Erianthus alopecuroides

JK Marlow    jkm120913_799

September    Greenville County    SC

Leaves mostly on lower stem, 2-3cm wide, to 75cm long, whie midvein above, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Erianthus alopecuroides

JK Marlow    s080914_c

September    Greenville County    SC

Panicle 20-30cm long, branches ascending or spreading, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Erianthus alopecuroides

JK Marlow    s080914_d

September    Greenville County    SC

Flowers consist mostly of a few stamens and a pistil with 2 fuzzy stigmas, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.

image of Erianthus alopecuroides

JK Marlow    jkm071025_016

October    Pickens County    SC

Clemson Forest

Leaf blade pilose on upper surface toward the base, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Erianthus alopecuroides

JK Marlow    jkm071025_022

October    Pickens County    SC

Clemson Forest

Nodes usually densely hairy, internodes short-haired or hairless, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Erianthus alopecuroides

JK Marlow    jkm141025_347

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Erianthus alopecuroides

JK Marlow    jkm091107_053

November    Edgefield County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Edgefield Ranger District

Inflorescence of many racemes in a dense, silvery to tawny, plume, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Erianthus alopecuroides

JK Marlow    jkm091107_056

November    Edgefield County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Edgefield Ranger District

Awn twisted, bristle hairs from spikelet base longer than spikelet, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Erianthus alopecuroides

JK Marlow    s071101_e2

November    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Callus beard exceeds spikelet. Awn spirally twisted, flattened basally, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruit of Plumegrass species