Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2072

Forb
Annual

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Look for it in dry rocky or sandy soils, including ridgetop woodlands, heath balds, sandy areas in the Coastal Plain from e. VA northwards, and in thin soils around rock outcrops (especially on granitic domes in the Blue Ridge south of the Asheville Basin) , per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White (with a yellow tip)
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
4-lobed calyx
2-lipped corolla
4 included stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (2/8/20):
Melampyrum lineare   FAMILY Orobanchaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Melampyrum lineare var. latifolium   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS National Database
Melampyrum lineare var. lineare

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 166-30-001:
Melampyrum lineare   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

INCLUDING Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Melampyrum lineare var. americanum

INCLUDING Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Melampyrum lineare var. latifolium

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Melampyrum lineare

 

COMMON NAME:
Cow-wheat


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Melampyrum lineare, Cow-wheat

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_mela6_001_lvd

        

image of Melampyrum lineare, Cow-wheat

JK Marlow    jkm060508_227

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

Whitish flowers with a yellow tip; grows in dry woods, per Newcomb's Wildflower Guide.

image of Melampyrum lineare, Cow-wheat

JK Marlow    jkm060508_308

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

image of Melampyrum lineare, Cow-wheat

JK Marlow    jkm060508_331

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

image of Melampyrum lineare, Cow-wheat

JK Marlow    jkm120517_108

May    Yancey County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Melampyrum lineare, Cow-wheat

JK Marlow    jkm150509_008

May    Dawson County    GA

Dawson Forest WMA

Leaves quite variable, linear to ovate-lanceolate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Melampyrum lineare, Cow-wheat

Dan Whitten    sdw_cowwheat

May    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Corolla 2-lipped: upper lip hooded, lower lip with a yellow palate, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Melampyrum lineare, Cow-wheat

JK Marlow    jkm0407m_11

July    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Melampyrum lineare, Cow-wheat

JK Marlow    jkm0407m_14

July    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Melampyrum lineare, Cow-wheat

JK Marlow    jkm060710_154

July    Tucker County    WV

Monongahela National Forest

image of Melampyrum lineare, Cow-wheat

JK Marlow    jkm080913_040

September    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Melampyrum lineare, Cow-wheat

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_m_lineare_lati_s

September