Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2099

Grass, Sedge, or Rush; Shrub
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Mountains (rare to uncommon in Piedmont)

Look for it in dry to moist forests on slopes, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Grain Brown
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Arundinaria appalachiana   FAMILY Poaceae

(?) PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Arundinaria appalachiana   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH The Biota of North America Program. BONAP (Kartesz, 2015)
Arundinaria appalachiana

INCLUDED WITHIN Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Arundinaria gigantea ssp. tecta

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-01-001?:
Arundinaria gigantea   FAMILY Poaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Arundinaria tecta

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Arundinaria tecta

SYNONYMOUS WITH -
Arundinaria tecta var. decidua

 

COMMON NAME:
Hill Cane


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Arundinaria appalachiana, Hill Cane

JK Marlow    jkm0401b_04

January    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

[Can be] autumn-deciduous, whereas our other species are evergreen, per Weakley's Flora (2015).

image of Arundinaria appalachiana, Hill Cane

JK Marlow    jkm0304d_19

April    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

Noted as distinctive as long ago as 1900, only recently described as a species, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Arundinaria appalachiana, Hill Cane

JK Marlow    jkm0405w_01

May    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

Often only knee-high, though sometimes head-high, per Weakley's Flora (2015).

image of Arundinaria appalachiana, Hill Cane

JK Marlow    jkm210603_0936

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Arundinaria appalachiana, Hill Cane

JK Marlow    jkm210608_1153

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Arundinaria appalachiana, Hill Cane

JK Marlow    jkm210608_1165

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

Abaxial surfaces of foliage blades pilose or glabrous, weakly tessellate, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Arundinaria appalachiana, Hill Cane

JK Marlow    jkm210610_1277

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Arundinaria appalachiana, Hill Cane

JK Marlow    jkm210610_1306

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

Rhizomes sometimes hollow-centered, air canals sometimes present, per Morphological comparison of Arundinaria appalachiana, A. tecta, and A. gigantea by Jimmy K. Triplett.