Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2117

Forb
Annual
Monoecious
Does not have milky sap

Non-native? its pre-Columbian range obscure because of its weedy nature
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in fields, roadsides, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Whitish
Unisexual
4 petals (or petals absent in pistillate flowers)
10-15 stamens
Inflorescence an abbreviated terminal raceme

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 107-02-001:
Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Doveweed, Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

JK Marlow    jkm0506q_18

June    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

JK Marlow    jkm0506q_21

June    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Plants stellate pubescent throughout, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

JK Marlow    jkm100702_054

July    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

JK Marlow    jkm100702_058

July    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

JK Marlow    jkm100702_062

July    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

JK Marlow    jkm100702_084

July    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Leaves with coarsely serrate margins, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_glandulosus_sept_2

July        

White-vevety flowers in terminal clusters, not woolly only slightly hairy, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

JK Marlow    jkm170826_800

August    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

JK Marlow    s040816_a

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

JK Marlow    s040816_b

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

JK Marlow    jkm0509e_05

September    Greenville County    SC

Field

Croton usually has senescent leaves that turn orange before dehiscing, per Molecular phylogenetics of the giant genus Croton and tribe Crotoneae (Euphorbiaceae sensu stricto) (Berry et al., 2005).

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

JK Marlow    jkm0509e_07

September    Greenville County    SC

Field

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

JK Marlow    jkm160910_007

September    Greenville County    SC

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

JK Marlow    jkm160910_009b

September    Greenville County    SC

Capsule 3-locular, one seed in each locule, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

JK Marlow    jkm180913_4712

September    Greenville County    SC

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

JK Marlow    s050902_e

September    Greenville County    SC