OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

INCLUDING Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Croton glandulosus var. angustifolius

INCLUDING Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

INCLUDING Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Croton glandulosus var. simpsonii

INCLUDING VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 107-02-001:
Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Croton glandulosus var. angustifolius

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Croton glandulosus var. simpsonii

 

COMMON NAME:
Doveweed, Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Northern Croton


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis, Doveweed, Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Northern Croton

JK Marlow    jkm0506q_18

June    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis, Doveweed, Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Northern Croton

JK Marlow    jkm0506q_21

June    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Plants stellate pubescent throughout, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis, Doveweed, Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Northern Croton

JK Marlow    jkm100702_054

July    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis, Doveweed, Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Northern Croton

JK Marlow    jkm100702_058

July    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis, Doveweed, Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Northern Croton

JK Marlow    jkm100702_062

July    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

This is our [the Carolinas'] only Croton species with toothed leaves, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis, Doveweed, Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Northern Croton

JK Marlow    jkm100702_084

July    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Leaves with coarsely serrate margins, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis, Doveweed, Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Northern Croton

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_glandulosus_sept_2

July        

White-vevety flowers in terminal clusters, not woolly only slightly hairy, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis, Doveweed, Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Northern Croton

JK Marlow    jkm170826_800

August    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis, Doveweed, Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Northern Croton

JK Marlow    s040816_a

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis, Doveweed, Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Northern Croton

JK Marlow    s040816_b

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis, Doveweed, Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Northern Croton

JK Marlow    jkm0509e_05

September    Greenville County    SC

Field

Croton usually has senescent leaves that turn orange before dehiscing, per Molecular phylogenetics of the giant genus Croton and tribe Crotoneae (Euphorbiaceae sensu stricto) (Berry et al., 2005).

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis, Doveweed, Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Northern Croton

JK Marlow    jkm0509e_07

September    Greenville County    SC

Field

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis, Doveweed, Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Northern Croton

JK Marlow    jkm160910_007

September    Greenville County    SC

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis, Doveweed, Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Northern Croton

JK Marlow    jkm160910_009b

September    Greenville County    SC

Capsule 3-locular, one seed in each locule, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis, Doveweed, Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Northern Croton

JK Marlow    jkm180913_4712

September    Greenville County    SC

image of Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis, Doveweed, Tooth-leaved Croton, Sand Croton, Northern Croton

JK Marlow    s050902_e

September    Greenville County    SC

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

INCLUDING Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Croton glandulosus var. angustifolius

INCLUDING Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

INCLUDING Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Croton glandulosus var. simpsonii

INCLUDING VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 107-02-001:
Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Croton glandulosus var. angustifolius

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Croton glandulosus var. septentrionalis

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Croton glandulosus var. simpsonii

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

2117

Forb
Annual
Monoecious

Non-native? its pre-Columbian range obscure because of its weedy nature

Common

Habitat: Fields, roadsides, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

DOES THE PLANT HAVE "MILKY SAP"?
Does not have milky sap

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate
Margins coarsely serrate or crenate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Whitish
Unisexual
4 petals (or petals absent in pistillate flowers)
10-15 stamens

Inflorescence an abbreviated terminal raceme

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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