Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2161

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Mountains, uncommon in GA Coastal Plain)

Look for it in moist sandy soil of woodland openings and ditches, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked, and often a basal rosette of overwintering leaves

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Early-season ("spring") panicles terminal; later "autumnal" panicles are lateral

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Grain yellowish/Purplish
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Dichanthelium scoparium   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Dichanthelium scoparium   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-81-057:
Panicum scoparium   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Panicum scoparium

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Dichanthelium scoparium

 

COMMON NAME:
Velvet Witchgrass, Velvet Panicum


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Dichanthelium scoparium

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_disc3_003_lvd

        

image of Dichanthelium scoparium

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_pasc9_001_lvd

        

image of Dichanthelium scoparium

JK Marlow    jkm110522_618

May    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

image of Dichanthelium scoparium

JK Marlow    jkm110522_621

May    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

image of Dichanthelium scoparium

JK Marlow    jkm120525_376

May    Oconee County    SC

Leaf blades rather thick, 12-20cm long, 10-18mm wide, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Dichanthelium scoparium

JK Marlow    jkm120525_382

May    Oconee County    SC

Lower internodes densely hairy except for viscid [sticky] band below the nodes, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Dichanthelium scoparium

JK Marlow    jkm060604_029

June    Pickens County    SC

image of Dichanthelium scoparium

JK Marlow    jkm060604_059

June    Pickens County    SC

Internodes, sheaths & blades densely velvety pubescent; blades to 10-20mm wide, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Dichanthelium scoparium

JK Marlow    jkm120623_210

June    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Spikelets 2.4-2.6mm long, obovate, turgid, papillose-pubescent, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Dichanthelium scoparium

JK Marlow    jkm120705_690

July    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

image of Dichanthelium scoparium

JK Marlow    jkm120705_693

July    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Panicle 6-16cm long, 5-10cm broad, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Dichanthelium scoparium

JK Marlow    jkm120705_693b

July    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Panicle's rachis villous, the branches spreading-ascending, villous, spotted, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.