Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2179

Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (sometimes locally abundant)

Look for it in swamps, bottomlands, moist slopes, wooded hills, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Armed with moderately stout nodal thorns (> 3cm long, 1.5-3mm in diameter)

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate
Petioles 1/3-2/3 length of blade, eglandular or slightly glandular esp in spring

FLOWER:
Spring
White
Radially symmetrical
5-lobed calyx
5 petals
5-10 stamens (anthers pink or purplish)
Inferior ovary
Inflorescences of 3-12 flowers

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Dull red or partially greenish
Pome

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales
Series: Silvicolae

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Crataegus iracunda   FAMILY Rosaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Crataegus iracunda   FAMILY Rosaceae

INCLUDING Flora of North America
Crataegus iracunda

INCLUDING Flora of North America
Crataegus populnea

INCLUDING Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US (Lance, 2014)
Crataegus iracunda var. iracunda

INCLUDING Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US (Lance, 2014)
Crataegus iracunda var. populnea

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 097-20-004?:
Crataegus flabellata   FAMILY Rosaceae

INCLUDING Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Crataegus iracunda var. silvicola

INCLUDING Beadle in Flora of the Southeastern US (Small, 1913)
Crataegus iracunda

INCLUDING Beadle in Flora of the Southeastern US (Small, 1913)
Crataegus silvicola

 

COMMON NAME:
Forest Hawthorn, Stolon-bearing Hawthorn


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Crataegus iracunda, Forest Hawthorn, Stolon-bearing Hawthorn

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_crpo8_001_lvd

        

Crataegus populnea

image of Crataegus iracunda, Forest Hawthorn, Stolon-bearing Hawthorn

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_crataegus_iracunda

April        

image of Crataegus iracunda, Forest Hawthorn, Stolon-bearing Hawthorn

Ron Lance    rwlciracunda_1

May    McCormick County    SC

ID requires a combination of vegetative and floral/fruiting characters, per Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US.

image of Crataegus iracunda, Forest Hawthorn, Stolon-bearing Hawthorn

Ron Lance    rwlciracunda_1b

May    McCormick County    SC

image of Crataegus iracunda, Forest Hawthorn, Stolon-bearing Hawthorn

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_iracunda_bark_1

June        

image of Crataegus iracunda, Forest Hawthorn, Stolon-bearing Hawthorn

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_iracunda_bark_3

June        

Note these stout compound thorns.

image of Crataegus iracunda, Forest Hawthorn, Stolon-bearing Hawthorn

Ron Lance    rwl2179_a

September        

Typical C. iracunda has hard red fruit with a sessile calyx, per Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US.

image of Crataegus iracunda, Forest Hawthorn, Stolon-bearing Hawthorn

Ron Lance    rwlciracunda_2

October    McCormick County    SC

Pubescence increases in the southern portions of C. iracunda's range, per Weakley's Flora (2020).