Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2236

Emergent aquatic or semi-aquatic (rooted) ?; Forb
Annual/Weak perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in SC Mountains, rare in NC Mountains)

Look for it in sluggish streams, bogs, wet areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Wet

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite
Leaves sessile

FLOWER:
Spring
White (lined with lavender)
Bisexual
5 sepals
2-lipped 5-lobed corolla (apparently 4-lobed, but the upper two lobes are fused)
2 stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Gratiola virginiana   FAMILY Plantaginaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Gratiola virginiana +   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 166-07-006:
Gratiola virginiana   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Roundfruit Hedge-hyssop, Virginia Hedge-hyssop


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Gratiola virginiana, Roundfruit Hedge-hyssop, Virginia Hedge-hyssop

JK Marlow    jkm210209_8720

February    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Gratiola virginiana, Roundfruit Hedge-hyssop, Virginia Hedge-hyssop

JK Marlow    jkm210309_9036

March    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Gratiola virginiana, Roundfruit Hedge-hyssop, Virginia Hedge-hyssop

JK Marlow    jkm210406_9181

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Gratiola virginiana, Roundfruit Hedge-hyssop, Virginia Hedge-hyssop

JK Marlow    jkm210406_9256

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

Leaves cuneate at the base. Pedicels stout, erect, 1-5(12)mm long, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Gratiola virginiana, Roundfruit Hedge-hyssop, Virginia Hedge-hyssop

JK Marlow    jkm210406_9264

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

Bractlets linear, slightly longer than the sepals. Sepals 4-6mm long, per Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Southeastern United States by Robert K. Godfrey, Jean W. Wooten.

image of Gratiola virginiana, Roundfruit Hedge-hyssop, Virginia Hedge-hyssop

JK Marlow    jkm210413_9502

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Gratiola virginiana, Roundfruit Hedge-hyssop, Virginia Hedge-hyssop

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmgvirginiana_cane1

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Nearly 2' tall; leaves elliptical; flowers on stout but very short pedicels, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Gratiola virginiana, Roundfruit Hedge-hyssop, Virginia Hedge-hyssop

Steve Marlow    snm210406_6176

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Gratiola virginiana, Roundfruit Hedge-hyssop, Virginia Hedge-hyssop

JK Marlow    jkm210603_0970

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve