Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2424

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in moist or dry thin woods, meadows, and ditches, often in dry sandy soil, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked, and often a basal rosette of overwintering leaves

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Early-season ("spring") panicles terminal; later "autumnal" panicles are lateral

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Grain yellowish/Purplish
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-81-055:
Panicum sphaerocarpon   FAMILY Poaceae

INCLUDING Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Panicum sphaerocarpon var. inflatum

INCLUDING Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Panicum sphaerocarpon var. sphaerocarpon

 

COMMON NAME:
Round-fruited Witchgrass, Roundseed Witchgrass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon, Round-fruited Witchgrass, Roundseed Witchgrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_pasp8_001_lvd

        

image of Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon, Round-fruited Witchgrass, Roundseed Witchgrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_pasp8_002_lvd

        

image of Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon, Round-fruited Witchgrass, Roundseed Witchgrass

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmdspherocarpon_cabin

May    Clarendon County    SC

Panicle 4-13cm long, branches spreading-ascending. Spikelets 1.4-1.6mm, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon, Round-fruited Witchgrass, Roundseed Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm190604_8949

June    Greenville County    SC

The related D. polyanthes has a distinctly narrower & longer inflorescence, per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon, Round-fruited Witchgrass, Roundseed Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm190604_8952

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon, Round-fruited Witchgrass, Roundseed Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200625_6037

June    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon, Round-fruited Witchgrass, Roundseed Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200625_6037b

June    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon, Round-fruited Witchgrass, Roundseed Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200625_6229

June    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Well-developed basal rosette, slender stem to 1.5' tall, only 3-4 stem leaves...

image of Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon, Round-fruited Witchgrass, Roundseed Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200625_6235

June    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

..and a generally triangular inflorescence (more than half as wide as long), per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon, Round-fruited Witchgrass, Roundseed Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200625_66232

June    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Nodes glabrous or sparsely hairy, per The Grasses of North Carolina (Blomquist, 1948).

image of Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon, Round-fruited Witchgrass, Roundseed Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200627_06258

June    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Nodes upwardly bearded, internodes glabrous, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon, Round-fruited Witchgrass, Roundseed Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200627_6246

June    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Sheaths glabrous, margins papilose-ciliate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon, Round-fruited Witchgrass, Roundseed Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200627_6250

June    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon, Round-fruited Witchgrass, Roundseed Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200627_6252

June    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest