Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2520

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Non-native: Europe
Documented growing wild in - NC SC

Common in Mountains (rare in Coastal Plain)

Look for it in disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Summer
Inflorescence a panicle

FRUIT:
Summer
Grain reddish
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Bromus inermis   FAMILY Poaceae

GREATER THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Bromus inermis ssp. inermis var. inermis   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-14-004:
Bromus inermis   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Bromus inermis

 

COMMON NAME:
Smooth Brome, Hungarian Brome


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Bromus inermis

Terry Holdsclaw    tdh_bromus_inermis_1

May    Iredell County    NC

Plants with creeping rhizomes, forming clonal colonies, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Bromus inermis

Terry Holdsclaw    tdh_bromus_inermis_2

May    Catawba County    NC

Panicle branches whorled, spreading in flower (contracted at maturity), per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Bromus inermis

Terry Holdsclaw    tdh_bromus_inermis_3

May    Catawba County    NC

Panicle 10-20cm long, erect, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Bromus inermis

Ohio State Weed Lab Archive, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org    bug_1550012

Month Unknown        

image of Bromus inermis

Ohio State Weed Lab Archive, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org    bug_1554241

Month Unknown        

image of Bromus inermis

Joseph M. DiTomaso, University of California    bug_5387201

Month Unknown        

image of Bromus inermis

Joseph M. DiTomaso, University of California    bug_5387202

Month Unknown        

Leaf wraps stem w a V-shaped notch; ligule < 0.15cm, brownish at the base, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.

image of Bromus inermis

John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org     bug_5391947

Month Unknown        

1-4 stiff branches per node, sticking straight out or slightly up, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.

image of Bromus inermis

Bruce Ackley, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org     bug_5438390

Month Unknown        

The bract enclosing the flower (the lemma) does not have a bristle (awn), per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.