Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2523

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Non-native: Eurasia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in lawns, gardens, roadsides, pastures, fields, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
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Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Bisexual
Inflorescence composed of digitately arranged spikes

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Grain yellowish
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Cynodon dactylon   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Cynodon dactylon   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-54-001:
Cynodon dactylon   FAMILY Poaceae

GREATER THAN Flora of North America
Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon

LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Capriola dactylon

 

COMMON NAME:
Bermuda Grass, Scotch Grass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Cynodon dactylon

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_cada5_001_lvd

        

image of Cynodon dactylon

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_cyda_001_lvd

        

image of Cynodon dactylon

Gill Newberry    gn06_c_dactylon_bermuda_g

June        

image of Cynodon dactylon

JK Marlow    jkm080617_008

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Cynodon dactylon

JK Marlow    jkm080617_010

June    Greenville County    SC

Old bladeless sheaths of the stolon often forming conspicuous "dog's teeth", per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Cynodon dactylon

JK Marlow    jkm080617_013

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Cynodon dactylon

JK Marlow    jkm080617_014

June    Greenville County    SC

Leaf blades flat, those of the basal offshoots often conspicously 2-ranked, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Cynodon dactylon

JK Marlow    s080618_b

June    Greenville County    SC

Several slender spikes digitate at the summit of the upright culms, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Cynodon dactylon

JK Marlow    jkm140925_955

September    Greenville County    SC

Furman University

Its creeping habit & palmately compound inflorescence make it easy to ID, per www.missouriplants.com

image of Cynodon dactylon

JK Marlow    jkm140925_956b

September    Greenville County    SC

Furman University

Spikelets 1-flowered, awnless, sessile in 2 rows along one side of rachis, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Cynodon dactylon

Steve Dewey, Utah State University, Bugwood.org    bug_1459060

Month Unknown        

Extensively creeping by scaly rhizomes or strong flat stolons, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Cynodon dactylon

D. Walters and C. Southwick, Table Grape Weed Disseminule ID, USDA APHIS ITP, B    bug_5462894

Month Unknown