Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2524

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Non-native?
Documented growing wild in - NC -

Common

Look for it in moist forests, moist disturbed areas, bogs, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Brooklyn Botanic Garden

 

...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Summer

FRUIT:
Summer
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Phalaris arundinacea   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Phalaris arundinacea   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-61-001:
Phalaris arundinacea   FAMILY Poaceae

GREATER THAN Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Phalaris arundinacea var. arundinacea

GREATER THAN Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Phalaris arundinacea var. picta

 

COMMON NAME:
Reed Canarygrass, Ribbongrass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Phalaris arundinacea

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_phar3_001_lvd

        

image of Phalaris arundinacea

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_phar3_003_lvd

        

image of Phalaris arundinacea

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_phar3_005_lvd

        

image of Phalaris arundinacea

Mark Frey, The Presidio Trust , Bugwood.org    bug_1550036

Month Unknown        

image of Phalaris arundinacea

Ken Chamberlain, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org    bug_1555049

Month Unknown        

image of Phalaris arundinacea

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5451166

Month Unknown        

image of Phalaris arundinacea

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5451186

Month Unknown        

Scaly rhizomes, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Phalaris arundinacea

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5451237

Month Unknown        

image of Phalaris arundinacea

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5451243

Month Unknown        

The size, shape and density of flowers can vary considerably, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.

image of Phalaris arundinacea

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5451308

Month Unknown        

The early summer flowers are held above the leaves in dense narrow plumes, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.

image of Phalaris arundinacea

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5451345

Month Unknown        

Reed Canarygrass has a distinctive transparent ligule, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.