Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2599

Shrub
Perennial

Non-native: Europe
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in Coastal Plain) (rare in GA) (rare in NC Mtns)

Look for it in disturbed areas, roadsides, thickets, old fields, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009

 

LEAVES:
Compound: floricanes 3 leaflets/ primocanes 5, palmate
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Pale pink to red
Radially symmetrical
5 sepals
5 petals
Numerous stamens
Inflorescence cymose-paniculate

FRUIT:
Summer
Black
Aggregate of drupelets

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Rubus bifrons   FAMILY Rosaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Rubus bifrons   FAMILY Rosaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 097-05-005:
Rubus bifrons   FAMILY Rosaceae

GREATER THAN Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Rubus procerus

GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Rubus linkianus

 

COMMON NAME:
European Blackberry, Himalaya-berry, Himalayan Blackberry


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm110505_225

May    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

Petals pale pink to red, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm110505_229

May    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

Branches and pedicels of floricanes armed w strong flattened prickles, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm110505_236

May    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

Canes very coarse, scrambling, often 2-3m long, heavily armed, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm110505_237

May    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm110509_306

May    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm110509_309

May    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm110509_312

May    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Lateral leaflets smaller than terminal leaflet & on shorter petiolules, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm110509_314

May    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm110521_578

May    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Inflorescence cymose-paniculate, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm110521_583

May    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm140521_057

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm140521_087

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm180515_2274

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Roadside

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm100607_010

June    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Prickles nearly straight, stems glabrescent, leaves grayish-tomentose beneath, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm120609_841b

June    Greenville County    SC

Sepals elliptic-lanceolate, 6-8mm long, acute to aristate, tomentose, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm140624_277

June    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Aggregate of drupelets to 2cm long, 1.5cm broad, juicy, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm140624_278

June    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Rubus bifrons

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_r_bifrons_himalay

June        

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm131228_514

December    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm131228_515

December    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Rubus bifrons

JK Marlow    jkm131228_521

December    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail