OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Aquifoliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Ilex cornuta   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae   NEW! Click to go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Ilex cornuta   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Chinese Holly, Burford Holly


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Ilex cornuta, Chinese Holly, Burford Holly

JK Marlow    jkm160103_099

January    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Ilex cornuta, Chinese Holly, Burford Holly

JK Marlow    jkm170106_070

January    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Fruit bright red, persisting through winter, per Manual of Woody Landscape Plants.

image of Ilex cornuta, Chinese Holly, Burford Holly

JK Marlow    jkm170106_076

January    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Ilex cornuta, Chinese Holly, Burford Holly

JK Marlow    jkm170106_079

January    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Ilex cornuta, Chinese Holly, Burford Holly

JK Marlow    jkm080330_023

March    Anderson County    SC

Clemson Forest

Leaves with 3 strong spines at apex, up to 9 overall, lethal to work around, per Manual of Woody Landscape Plants.

image of Ilex cornuta, Chinese Holly, Burford Holly

JK Marlow    jkm080330_024

March    Anderson County    SC

Clemson Forest

Flowers in axillary clusters on branches of the previous year, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Ilex cornuta, Chinese Holly, Burford Holly

Paul Thompson    pstilex_cornuta_burfordi

September?        

The cultivar 'Burfordii Nana' is usually armed with a single terminal spine. — Clemson Extension

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Ilex cornuta   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Ilex cornuta   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

 

Find by scientific name:

2658

Shrub; Tree
Perennial
Usually dioecious

Non-native: China

Documented growing wild in GA NC -

Rare

Habitat: Escaped into forests in (primarily) suburban and urban areas, but certain to become more ubiquitous and increasingly in natural areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
NEW! Click here to see a range map (and maybe identification notes) from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)


Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

 

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Leaves with well-developed, apical, 2-6mm spine (& usually also marginal spines)

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
White
Usually unisexual
4 petals

FRUIT:
WinterSummer/Fall
Red
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


Find by scientific name: