Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2658

Shrub; Tree
Perennial
Usually dioecious

Non-native: China
Documented growing wild in GA NC -

Rare

Look for it in forests in suburban areas, into which it has escaped from suburban plantings, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006

 

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
White
Usually unisexual
4 petals

FRUIT:
WinterSummer/Fall
Red
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Aquifoliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Ilex cornuta   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Ilex cornuta   FAMILY Aquifoliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Chinese Holly, Burford Holly


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Ilex cornuta

JK Marlow    jkm160103_099

January    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Ilex cornuta

JK Marlow    jkm170106_070

January    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Fruit bright red, persisting through winter, per Manual of Woody Landscape Plants.

image of Ilex cornuta

JK Marlow    jkm170106_076

January    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Ilex cornuta

JK Marlow    jkm170106_079

January    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Ilex cornuta

JK Marlow    jkm080330_023

March    Anderson County    SC

Clemson Forest

Leaves with 3 strong spines at apex, up to 9 overall, lethal to work around, per Manual of Woody Landscape Plants.

image of Ilex cornuta

JK Marlow    jkm080330_024

March    Anderson County    SC

Clemson Forest

Flowers in axillary clusters on branches of the previous year, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Ilex cornuta

Paul Thompson    pstilex_cornuta_burfordi

September?        

The cultivar 'Burfordii Nana' is usually armed with a single terminal spine. — Clemson Extension