Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2762

Shrub; Tree
Perennial

Native to North Carolina

Documented growing wild in - NC -

Uncommon in NC Mountains, rare in NC Piedmont

Look for it in deciduous forest understories, pastures, upland thickets, per Weakley's Flora

map
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IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Armed with moderately stout nodal thorns (> 3cm long, 1.5-3mm in diameter)

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate
Petioles slender, 1/3-3/4 length of blade, eglandular or remotely glandular

FLOWER:
Spring
White
Radially symmetrical
5-lobed calyx
5 petals
5-10 stamens (anthers pink or reddish)
Inferior ovary
Inflorescences of 6-15 flowers

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Orange-red to scarlet
Pome

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales
Series: Coccineae

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Crataegus coccinea   FAMILY Rosaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Crataegus pedicellata   FAMILY Rosaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Crataegus coccinea

SYNONYMOUS WITH Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US (Lance, 2014)
Crataegus coccinea

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 097-20-003:
Crataegus coccinea   FAMILY Rosaceae

INCLUDING Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Crataegus pennsylvanica

 

COMMON NAME:
Scarlet Hawthorn


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Crataegus coccinea, Scarlet Hawthorn

Ron Lance    rwlccoccinea_1

April        

In cultivation

Large, pubescent leaves (9-12cm long) on terminal shoots, ...

image of Crataegus coccinea, Scarlet Hawthorn

Ron Lance    rwlccoccinea_1b

April        

In cultivation

...in combination w even-toothed calyx lobes & 5-10 stamens, are distinctive, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Crataegus coccinea, Scarlet Hawthorn

Ron Lance    rwlccoccinea_2

August        

In cultivation

The fairly large, orange-red fruits fall quickly after maturity, per Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US.