Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2809

Forb
Perennial

Native to North Carolina & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC -

Uncommon (rare in GA)

Look for it in coves and on moist slopes, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Simple
A single terminal whorl of 3 leaves
Leaves subsessile

FLOWER:
Spring
Maroon or white
Pedicel more than 2x length of sepals
Flowers above the leaves
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3 sepals
3 petals

FRUIT:
Summer
Maroon
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Trillium sulcatum   FAMILY Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Trillium sulcatum   FAMILY Liliaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-03-006a?:
Trillium erectum var. erectum   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Southern Red Trillium, Barksdale's Trillium


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Trillium sulcatum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_trillium_sulcatum

April        

image of Trillium sulcatum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_trillium_sulcatum_3

April        

Flowers small and generally maroon, but petals may be white, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Trillium sulcatum

Will Stuart    wil_5623868805_9ebfa5ff12

April    Burke County    NC

South Mountains State Park

Flowers on long stalks more than 2x long as sepals, held at or above leaves, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium sulcatum

Will Stuart    wil_5624458262_3c2fe98b8c

April    Burke County    NC

South Mountains State Park

The flower gaping in profile; petals ovate, gradually spreading, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium sulcatum

Will Stuart    wil5624458262_2a6c736b91b

April    Burke County    NC

South Mountains State Park

Stamens longer than ovary, 0.9-1.6 x the height of the pistil, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium sulcatum

Will Stuart    wil5624458262_2a6c736b91c

April    Burke County    NC

South Mountains State Park

"Sulcate" means having furrows or grooves, and that texturing is attractive. — Will Stuart