Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2873

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon

Look for it in pools, marshes, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun Aquatic ...Wet

LEAVES:
Simple - leaves consist of bladeless sheaths

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Bisexual
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Yellowish/Brownish
Nutlet

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Eleocharis quadrangulata   FAMILY Cyperaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Eleocharis quadrangulata   FAMILY Cyperaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 030-03-003:
Eleocharis quadrangulata   FAMILY Cyperaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Eleocharis quadrangulata

 

COMMON NAME:
Squarestem Spikerush


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Eleocharis quadrangulata, Squarestem Spikerush

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_elqu_004_lvd

        

image of Eleocharis quadrangulata, Squarestem Spikerush

Dan Whitten    sdw_052921_aquatic

May    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Flowers (scales) 50-100 per spike, arranged in obvious spiral rows, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Eleocharis quadrangulata, Squarestem Spikerush

Dan Whitten    sdw_053121_eleocharis1

May    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Culm appears unjointed, sharply 3-4-angled when fresh [bonus: Calico Pennant!], per Weakley's Flora.