Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3035

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Annual

Non-native: Europe
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
Mid-Atlantic Exotic Pest Plant Council
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Spikelets reddish at maturity
Inflorescence a panicle

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Spikelets reddish at maturity
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Bromus tectorum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Bromus tectorum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-14-001:
Bromus tectorum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Bromus tectorum

 

COMMON NAME:
Downy Brome, Downy Chess, Downy Cheat, Cheatgrass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Bromus tectorum

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_brte_001_lvd

        

image of Bromus tectorum

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_brte_002_lvd

        

image of Bromus tectorum

Tom Heutte, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org    bug_1383019

Month Unknown        

Its ligules are 0.04-0.1 in. (1-2.5 mm) long, per www.invasive.org.

image of Bromus tectorum

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5270027

Month Unknown        

Panicles generally nodding; spikelets drooping, each 2-3.5cm long, per www.invasive.org.

image of Bromus tectorum

Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org    bug_5364419

Month Unknown        

The glumes are awl-shaped, per www.invasive.org.

image of Bromus tectorum

Joseph M. DiTomaso, University of California - Davis, Bugwood.org     bug_5387165

Month Unknown        

The leaf sheaths and blades are covered with soft short hairs, per www.invasive.org.

image of Bromus tectorum

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5449007

Month Unknown        

Panicles 5-20cm long, have numerous branches, and retain an open quality, per www.invasive.org.

image of Bromus tectorum

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5449047

Month Unknown        

B. tectorum has a fibrous root system that is finely divided, per www.invasive.org.

image of Bromus tectorum

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5449049

Month Unknown        

The leaves are 0.08-0.16 in. (2-4 mm) wide and up to 8 in. (20 cm) long, per www.invasive.org.

image of Bromus tectorum

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5449075

Month Unknown        

Seeds can germinate in fall or spring; fall germination is more common, per www.invasive.org.

image of Bromus tectorum

D. Walters and C. Southwick, Table Grape Weed Disseminule ID, USDA APHIS ITP, B    bug_5461369

Month Unknown        

Lemmas narrowly lanceolate, toothed, with slender straight awns, per www.invasive.org.