Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3082

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in circumneutral to alkaline situations, including brackish marshes, and rarely somewhat inland in savannas underlain by coquina limestone, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Scales chestnut-colored
Bisexual
Perianth absent
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Olive/Purplish
Nutlet

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Cladium jamaicense   FAMILY Cyperaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense   FAMILY Cyperaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 030-14-002:
Cladium jamaicense   FAMILY Cyperaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Mariscus jamaicensis

 

COMMON NAME:
Sawgrass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Cladium jamaicense, image of Cladium jamaicense

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_maja3_001_lvd

        

The famous sawgrass which dominates many square miles in the Everglades, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Cladium jamaicense, image of Cladium jamaicense

Keith Bradley    kab_c_jamaicense_74761

March    Miami-Dade County    FL

Everglades National Park

Leafy-stemmed plant to 10' tall, from large stolons, per Wildflowers of the Carolina Lowcountry.

picture of Cladium jamaicense, image of Cladium jamaicense

Keith Bradley    kab_c_jamaicense_74771

March    Miami-Dade County    FL

Everglades National Park

Stolons about 1cm in diameter sheathed by scalelike leaves 1.5-2cm long, per Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Southeastern United States by Robert K. Godfrey, Jean W. Wooten.

picture of Cladium jamaicense, image of Cladium jamaicense

Keith Bradley    kab_c_jamaicense_74775

March    Miami-Dade County    FL

Everglades National Park

Leaf margins and midribs with dangerous saw-teeth, per Wildflowers of the Carolina Lowcountry.

picture of Cladium jamaicense, image of Cladium jamaicense

Keith Bradley    kab_c_jamaicense_71461

May    Miami-Dade County    FL

Everglades National Park

Inflorescence a narrow panicle 3-9dm long, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Cladium jamaicense, image of Cladium jamaicense

Keith Bradley    kab_c_jamaicense_71471

May    Miami-Dade County    FL

Everglades National Park

Panicle branches bearing several fascicles of spikelets, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Cladium jamaicense, image of Cladium jamaicense

Keith Bradley    kab_c_jamaicense_71475

May    Miami-Dade County    FL

Everglades National Park

Spikelets each w one fertile floret, below it 2-3 spirally imbricate scales, per Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Southeastern United States by Robert K. Godfrey, Jean W. Wooten.