Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3188

Aquatic with submersed or floating leaves, or terrestrial; Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas
Documented growing wild in - NC SC

Rare

Look for it in marshes, wet disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
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LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate

RHIZOMES? STOLONS?
Rhizomatous, forming clonal colonies

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Deep pink/ Red
Bisexual or functionally unisexual
5-parted calyx
Petals absent
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Light brown
Nutlet

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Caryophyllales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Persicaria amphibia   FAMILY Polygonaceae

GREATER THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Polygonum amphibium +   FAMILY Polygonaceae

GREATER THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 063-04-006:
Polygonum coccineum   FAMILY Polygonaceae

GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Persicaria muhlenbergii

 

COMMON NAME:
Water Smartweed, Scarlet Smartweed


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Persicaria amphibia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_poam8_007_lvd

        

image of Persicaria amphibia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_poam8_008_lvd

        

image of Persicaria amphibia

    bas_p_amphibia2_bjs

August    St. Louis County    MN

Its adaptations to differing water conditions make it quite variable, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.


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