Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3293

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Mountains, uncommon in Piedmont & Coastal Plain

Look for it in mesic to dry-mesic nutrient-rich forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Simple: Palmately divided into 5 segments (usually)
Alternate & basal

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Yellow
Bisexual or staminate, usually in the same umbel
5-merous
Inferior ovary
Umbels with 3 pedicellate perfect flowers & 15 or fewer staminate flowers

FRUIT:
Summer
Schizocarp of two mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Apiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Sanicula odorata   FAMILY Apiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Sanicula odorata   FAMILY Apiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 140-03-001:
Sanicula gregaria   FAMILY Apiaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Clustered Snakeroot, Clustered Sanicle, Yellow-flowered Snakeroot, Fragrant Snakeroot


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Sanicula odorata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_sagr6_001_lvd

        

image of Sanicula odorata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_saod_001_lvd

        

image of Sanicula odorata

JK Marlow    jkm120421_195

April    Hendersonvlle County    NC

Holmes Educational Forest

Some umbellets contain perfect and staminate flowers, others only staminate, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Sanicula odorata

JK Marlow    jkm120424_500

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Sanicula odorata

JK Marlow    jkm120424_563

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Sanicula odorata

JK Marlow    jkm150425_824

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Yellow petals (vs. white or greenish) separate it from other Sanicula, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Sanicula odorata

JK Marlow    jkm150425_830b

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Sanicula odorata

JK Marlow    jkm150425_830c

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Sanicula odorata

JK Marlow    jkm150425_835

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Sanicula odorata

JK Marlow    jkm120517_012

May    Yancey County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Lvs irregularly or doubly serrate. Basal & lower stem lvs usually w 5 segments, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Sanicula odorata

JK Marlow    jkm120517_017

May    Yancey County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Sanicula odorata

JK Marlow    jkm160503_132

May    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Petals yellowish green, much longer than the calyx, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Sanicula odorata

JK Marlow    jkm160516_681

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Sanicula odorata

JK Marlow    jkm170510_811

May    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

Staminate pedicels 1.5-3mm long. Calyx lobes deltoid, apices not sharp, per A synopsis of the genus Sanicula (Apiaceae) in eastern Canada (Pryer & Phillippe, 1989).


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruit of Galium, Geum and Sanicula species

image of Sanicula odorata

JK Marlow    jkm170510_815

May    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

Fruits globose to obovoid, with short but distinct pedicels, per A synopsis of the genus Sanicula (Apiaceae) in eastern Canada (Pryer & Phillippe, 1989).