Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


330

Tree
Perennial

Non-native: east Asia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in GA Piedmont, rare in NC)

Look for it in disturbed areas, suburban woodlands, increasingly in natural forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
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INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
US Fish & Wildlife Service
US Forest Service Southern Research Station

 

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate
Petioles to 1" long

FLOWER:
Spring
Greenish-white/ Yellowish
Bisexual
3-merous
6 tepals?
9 stamens, 3 staminodes
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Bluish-black
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Magnoliids: Laurales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Cinnamomum camphora   FAMILY Lauraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Cinnamomum camphora   FAMILY Lauraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Camphora camphora

 

COMMON NAME:
Camphortree


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of -, image of Cinnamomum camphora

JK Marlow    jkm150301_801

March    Charleston County    SC

picture of -, image of Cinnamomum camphora

JK Marlow    jkm150301_802

March    Charleston County    SC

Leaves glabrous, long-petioled, spicy-aromatic when crushed, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of -, image of Cinnamomum camphora

JK Marlow    jkm150301_805b

March    Charleston County    SC

Leaf margins entire, yellowish-green, and wavy, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

picture of -, image of Cinnamomum camphora

JK Marlow    jkm150301_805c

March    Charleston County    SC

Buds 1.2cm long, sharp-pointed, with overlapping scales, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

picture of -, image of Cinnamomum camphora

James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org    bug_5421916

June        

picture of -, image of Cinnamomum camphora

James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org    bug_5421918

October        

Many fleshy dangling drupes, turning black with a funnel-shaped green base, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

picture of -, image of Cinnamomum camphora

James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org    bug_5421917

November        

Bark brownish, fissured, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of -, image of Cinnamomum camphora

James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org    bug_1539078

Month Unknown        

Twigs green, glabrous, aromatic, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

picture of -, image of Cinnamomum camphora

Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org    bug_5284094

Month Unknown        

picture of -, image of Cinnamomum camphora

T. Davis Sydnor, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org    bug_5497873

Month Unknown        SC