Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3543

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Annual

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common, uncommon, or rare in GA-NC-SC - depending on physiographic province

Look for it in interdune wetlands, various other wet to damp habitats, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Wet

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Inflorescence a panicle

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Grain whitish
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Echinochloa muricata var. muricata   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Echinochloa muricata var. muricata   FAMILY Poaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-73-002?:
Echinochloa crusgalli   FAMILY Poaceae

LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Echinochloa crus-galli ssp. crus-galli

SYNONYMOUS WITH Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Echinochloa muricata

 

COMMON NAME:
Rough Barnyard Grass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Echinochloa muricata var. muricata

Gill Newberry    gn09_e_muricata_flowers

September        

image of Echinochloa muricata var. muricata

Gill Newberry    gn09_e_muricata_habitat

September        

Inflorescence erect, stiff, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Echinochloa muricata var. muricata

Gill Newberry    gn09_e_muricata_infl

September        

image of Echinochloa muricata var. muricata

Gill Newberry    gn09_echinochloa_close_up

September        

Second glume & sterile lemma usually w stout papillose-based hairs on veins, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Echinochloa muricata var. muricata

JK Marlow    jkm091003_014

October    Greenville County    SC

Beaverpond & adjacent land

image of Echinochloa muricata var. muricata

JK Marlow    jkm091003_024027

October    Greenville County    SC

Beaverpond & adjacent land

Sheaths glabrous, blades elongate, 5-15mm wide, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Echinochloa muricata var. muricata

JK Marlow    jkm091003_029

October    Greenville County    SC

Beaverpond & adjacent land

image of Echinochloa muricata var. muricata

JK Marlow    jkm091004_023

October    Greenville County    SC

Beaverpond & adjacent land

Spikelets > 3.5mm long. Sterile lemma usually awned, the awn 6-25mm long, per Weakley's Flora.