Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


361

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Mountains, uncommon or rare elsewhere

Look for it in rich moist forests, under Quercus species, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Leaf scales overlapping, brown, lacking chlorophyll

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Yellowish to white
Irregularly 4-5 toothed calyx
2-lipped corolla
4 exserted stamens (usually)
Superior ovary
Inflorescence a dense terminal spike

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Conopholis americana   FAMILY Orobanchaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Conopholis americana   FAMILY Orobanchaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 169-02-001:
Conopholis americana   FAMILY Orobanchaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Squawroot, Bearcorn


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Conopholis americana

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_coam_001_lvd

        

image of Conopholis americana

JK Marlow    jkm080322_023

March    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

Just emerging...

image of Conopholis americana

Keith Bradley    kab_c_americana_2603

March    Orangeburg County    SC

Santee State Park

image of Conopholis americana

Mark A. Musselman    mam_squawroot032406g

March    Dorchester County    SC

Audubon Center at Francis Beidler Forest

Stamens exserted, usually 4, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Conopholis americana

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_americana_3_24_07_2

March    Walker County    GA

Pigeon Mountain

Leaves overlapping, brown, fleshy, scaly, and lacking chlorophyll, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Conopholis americana

Wesley Burnett    gwb361_0307

April    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

Usually several stems in a tight cluster, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.

image of Conopholis americana

Harry Davis    hld361_fal_001d

April    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

A 1/2" whitish 2-lipped flower projects from the stem above each bract, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Conopholis americana

JK Marlow    jkm0504f_16

April    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

This parasitic herb often found at the foot of oak trees, per Wild Flowers of NC, 1st edition.

image of Conopholis americana

JK Marlow    jkm160426_590

April    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

image of Conopholis americana

JK Marlow    jkm060508_001

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

Stem is yellow, turning brownish with age, covered with scaly bracts, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Conopholis americana

Keith Bradley    kab_c_americana_7835

May        NC

Blue Ridge Parkway