Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3679

Forb
Summer annual
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in Carolina Mountains)

Look for it on disturbed ground, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

DOES THE PLANT HAVE "MILKY SAP"?
Does not have milky sap

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Stinging trichomes absent

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate
Petioles 1.5-6.5cm long

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Unisexual
3-5 sepals in pistillate flowers, 4 sepals in staminate flowers
Petals absent
4-8(-16?) stamens in staminate flowers

FRUIT:
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Acalypha ostryifolia   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Acalypha ostryifolia   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 107-04-004:
Acalypha ostryaefolia   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Acalypha ostryaefolia

 

COMMON NAME:
Pineland Threeseed Mercury, Hophornbeam Copperleaf, Roughpod Copperleaf


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Acalypha ostryifolia, Pineland Threeseed Mercury, Hophornbeam Copperleaf, Roughpod Copperleaf

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_acos_001_lvd

        

image of Acalypha ostryifolia, Pineland Threeseed Mercury, Hophornbeam Copperleaf, Roughpod Copperleaf

JK Marlow    jkm140730_221

July    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Acalypha ostryifolia, Pineland Threeseed Mercury, Hophornbeam Copperleaf, Roughpod Copperleaf

JK Marlow    jkm140730_221b

July    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Lvs crenate-serrate, w 2 prominent lateral veins from base, parallel to midrib, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Acalypha ostryifolia, Pineland Threeseed Mercury, Hophornbeam Copperleaf, Roughpod Copperleaf

JK Marlow    jkm140730_223

July    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Pistillate flowers chiefly in terminal spikes, staminate in axillary clusters, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Acalypha ostryifolia, Pineland Threeseed Mercury, Hophornbeam Copperleaf, Roughpod Copperleaf

JK Marlow    jkm140730_226

July    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Acalypha ostryifolia, Pineland Threeseed Mercury, Hophornbeam Copperleaf, Roughpod Copperleaf

JK Marlow    jkm130823_504

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Acalypha ostryifolia, Pineland Threeseed Mercury, Hophornbeam Copperleaf, Roughpod Copperleaf

JK Marlow    jkm130823_505

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Leaves cordate at base, per Weakley's Flora (2012).

image of Acalypha ostryifolia, Pineland Threeseed Mercury, Hophornbeam Copperleaf, Roughpod Copperleaf

JK Marlow    jkm140804_311

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Plant to 1.5m tall, stems branched, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Acalypha ostryifolia, Pineland Threeseed Mercury, Hophornbeam Copperleaf, Roughpod Copperleaf

JK Marlow    jkm140804_340

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Acalypha ostryifolia, Pineland Threeseed Mercury, Hophornbeam Copperleaf, Roughpod Copperleaf

JK Marlow    jkm140804_341

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Pistillate spikes 3-11cm long, bracts deeply cleft into 9-17 linear teeth, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.