Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3784

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in Coastal Plain)

Look for it in dry to moist forests, especially on greenstone and diabase barrens and rocky woodlands, thickets, woodland borders, sometimes somewhat weedy, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Even-pinnately compound: 8-22 leaflets
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Summer
Yellow
Bisexual
5-lobed calyx
5 petals
10 stamens, the upper 3 sterile, the lower 7 fertile & unequal in size
Superior ovary
Flowers in a raceme

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Senna marilandica   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Senna marilandica   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 098-05-004:
Cassia marilandica   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Ditremexa medsgeri

 

COMMON NAME:
Maryland Wild Senna


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Cassia marilandica, image of Senna marilandica

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_cama15_001_lvd

        

picture of Cassia marilandica, image of Senna marilandica

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_came23_001_lvd

        

picture of Cassia marilandica, image of Senna marilandica

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_sema11_002_lvd

        

picture of Cassia marilandica, image of Senna marilandica

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_senna_marilandica_10

August        

Inflorescence a few-flowered axillary raceme or terminal paniculate cluster, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Cassia marilandica, image of Senna marilandica

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_senna_marilandica_12

August        

picture of Cassia marilandica, image of Senna marilandica

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_senna_marilandica_12b

August        

The petiolar gland is usually broadest at or below the middle, per Weakley's Flora.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE pinnately compound leaves of forbs

picture of Cassia marilandica, image of Senna marilandica

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_senna_marilandica_12c

August        

Similar to S. hebecarpa, but with fewer flowers, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

picture of Cassia marilandica, image of Senna marilandica

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_senna_marilandica_4

August        

Flowers not obviously pea-like, petals open to expose the stamens, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.