Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3802

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in Piedmont)

Look for it in hammocks, maritime forests, shell middens, moist forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Inflorescence a narrow panicle

FRUIT:
Yellowish
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Oplismenus setarius   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. setarius   FAMILY Poaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN The genera of Paniceae (Gramineae: Panicoideae) in the se. US (Crins, 1991)
Oplismenus hirtellus

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-72-001:
Oplismenus setarius   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Oplismenus setarius

 

COMMON NAME:
Shortleaf Basketgrass, Bristle Basketgrass, Woods-grass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Oplismenus setarius, Shortleaf Basketgrass, Bristle Basketgrass, Woods-grass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_opse_001_lvd

        

image of Oplismenus setarius, Shortleaf Basketgrass, Bristle Basketgrass, Woods-grass

Keith Bradley    kab_o_hirtellus_set_70501

October    Miami-Dade County    FL

Everglades National Park

Leaves 1.5-6cm long; longest w acute to acuminate tip (but not long-acuminate), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Oplismenus setarius, Shortleaf Basketgrass, Bristle Basketgrass, Woods-grass

Keith Bradley    kab_o_hirtellus_set_70507

October    Miami-Dade County    FL

Everglades National Park

Leaf sheaths & culm axis glabrate to [~ sparsely] pilose, hairs <1.5mm long, per Weakley's Flora (2015).

image of Oplismenus setarius, Shortleaf Basketgrass, Bristle Basketgrass, Woods-grass

Keith Bradley    kab_o_hirtellus_set_70511

October    Miami-Dade County    FL

Everglades National Park

Racemes subglobose, each w about 5 spikelets; awn of first glume 4-8mm long, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Oplismenus setarius, Shortleaf Basketgrass, Bristle Basketgrass, Woods-grass

Keith Bradley    kab_o_hirtellus_set_70519

October    Miami-Dade County    FL

Everglades National Park

More and deeper purple florets than the invasive Wavyleaf Basketgrass, per New Invaders of the Southeast.

image of Oplismenus setarius, Shortleaf Basketgrass, Bristle Basketgrass, Woods-grass

Keith Bradley    kab_o_hirtellus_set_70525

October    Miami-Dade County    FL

Everglades National Park