Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


394

Shrub; Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in pastures, thickets, disturbed woodlands and forests, fencerows, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Moist ...Variable

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Armed with moderately stout nodal thorns (> 3cm long, 1.5-3mm in diameter)

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate
Petioles short, partially winged (unwinged portion 2-5mm), eglandular

FLOWER:
Spring
White
Radially symmetrical
5-lobed calyx
5 petals
5-20 stamens (anthers white, yellow, pink or reddish)
Inferior ovary
Inflorescences of 5-20 flowers

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Dull red, russet, or greenish with a red blush
Pome

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales
Series: Crus-galli

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli   FAMILY Rosaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Crataegus crus-galli   FAMILY Rosaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS National Database
Crataegus arborea

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli

SYNONYMOUS WITH Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US (Lance, 2014)
Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 097-20-009:
Crataegus crus-galli   FAMILY Rosaceae

(?) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Crataegus crus-galli

INCLUDING Beadle in Flora of the Southeastern US (Small, 1913)
Crataegus algens

INCLUDING Beadle in Flora of the Southeastern US (Small, 1913)
Crataegus macra

INCLUDING -
Crataegus canbyi

 

COMMON NAME:
Cockspur Hawthorn


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli, Cockspur Hawthorn

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_crca21_001_lvd

        

Crataegus canbyi

image of Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli, Cockspur Hawthorn

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_crcr2_001_lvd

        

image of Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli, Cockspur Hawthorn

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_crcr2_006_lvd

        

image of Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli, Cockspur Hawthorn

Ron Lance    rwlccrusgalli_1

April    Houston County    GA

The most widespread and common hawthorn in the eastern US, per Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US.

image of Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli, Cockspur Hawthorn

Ron Lance    rwlccrusgalli_1b

April    Houston County    GA

Crus-galli stamen counts vary from 5-20, at times varying in the same plant, per Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US.

image of Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli, Cockspur Hawthorn

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_crataegus_crus_galli

May        MA

Arnold Arboretum

image of Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli, Cockspur Hawthorn

Sam Pratt    sbp_20140505_132353

May    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

C. crus-galli concept today includes all forms with glabrous or nearly ...

image of Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli, Cockspur Hawthorn

Sam Pratt    sbp_20140505_132414

May    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

glabrous leaves, twigs & floral parts AND leaf shape ± elliptic to obovate, per Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US.

image of Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli, Cockspur Hawthorn

Ron Lance    rwlccrusgalli_2

September    Haywood County    NC

Moderately stout thorns, 3-6cm on twigs, to 10cm and compound on trunk, per Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US.

image of Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli, Cockspur Hawthorn

Ron Lance    rwl394_a

September-October        

Leaves usually glabrous, adaxially glossy in sun; margins finely serrate, per Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US.

image of Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli, Cockspur Hawthorn

JK Marlow    jkm0511b_02

November    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli, Cockspur Hawthorn

JK Marlow    jkm0511b_03

November    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli, Cockspur Hawthorn

JK Marlow    jkm0511b_04

November    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli, Cockspur Hawthorn

Ron Lance    rwlccrusgalli_3

Month Unknown    Haywood County    NC