Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3979

Forb
Annual

Non-native? probably early introduced from the Neotropics, possibly via ballast
Documented growing wild in GA - SC

Waif(s)

Look for it in disturbed areas, on dunes, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Even-pinnately compound
Opposite

FLOWER:
Yellow or pale orange
5 sepals
5 petals
10 stamens
Flowers in leaf axils

FRUIT:
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Zygophyllales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Kallstroemia maxima   FAMILY Zygophyllaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Kallstroemia maxima   FAMILY Zygophyllaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 102-02-001:
Kallstroemia maxima   FAMILY Zygophyllaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Kallstroemia maxima

 

COMMON NAME:
Greater Caltrop


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Kallstroemia maxima

Keith Bradley    kab_k_maxima_77782

June    Miami-Dade County    FL

image of Kallstroemia maxima

Keith Bradley    kab_k_maxima_76823

July    Miami-Dade County    FL

image of Kallstroemia maxima

Keith Bradley    kab_k_maxima_76823b

July    Miami-Dade County    FL

Leaves even-pinnately compound, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Kallstroemia maxima

Keith Bradley    kab_k_maxima_76823c

July    Miami-Dade County    FL

The flower morphology is similar to Tribulus, per Wikipedia.

image of Kallstroemia maxima

Keith Bradley    kab_k_maxima_76823d

July    Miami-Dade County    FL

Similar to Tribulus but w unarmed fruit, 10-12 locular ovary, 1-seeded carpels, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.