Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


399

Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in GA & SC Coastal Plain, rare in Mtns (uncommon elsewhere)

Look for it in swamp forests, alluvial forests, dry and mesic upland slopes (especially over mafic or calcareous rocks), per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Wet ...Moist ...Dry

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Armed with moderately stout nodal thorns (> 2cm long, 1.5-3mm in diameter)

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate
Petioles from 1/2 to equal length of blade, eglandular

FLOWER:
Spring
White
Radially symmetrical
5-lobed calyx
5 petals
10 or 20 stamens (anthers red)
Inferior ovary
Inflorescences of 3-12 flowers

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Bright red
Pome

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales
Series: Apiifoliae

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Crataegus marshallii   FAMILY Rosaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Crataegus marshallii   FAMILY Rosaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Crataegus marshallii

SYNONYMOUS WITH Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US (Lance, 2014)
Crataegus marshallii

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 097-20-013:
Crataegus marshallii   FAMILY Rosaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Crataegus marshallii

SYNONYMOUS WITH Beadle in Flora of the Southeastern US (Small, 1913)
Crataegus apiifolia

 

COMMON NAME:
Parsley Hawthorn, Parsley Haw


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Crataegus marshallii, Parsley Hawthorn, Parsley Haw

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_crma5_001_lvd

        

image of Crataegus marshallii, Parsley Hawthorn, Parsley Haw

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_crma5_003_lvd

        

image of Crataegus marshallii, Parsley Hawthorn, Parsley Haw

Sam Pratt    sbp_20140324_111020b

March    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

image of Crataegus marshallii, Parsley Hawthorn, Parsley Haw

Keith Bradley    kab_c_marshallii_0439

April    Lexington County    SC

Congaree Creek Heritage Preserve

image of Crataegus marshallii, Parsley Hawthorn, Parsley Haw

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_marshallii_1

April        

Parsley Haw's leaves are deeply cut, thin, toothed, overall ragged margined, per Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US.

image of Crataegus marshallii, Parsley Hawthorn, Parsley Haw

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_marshallii_bc_2

April        

image of Crataegus marshallii, Parsley Hawthorn, Parsley Haw

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_marshallii_parsley1

April    Dade County    GA

Cloudland Canyon State Park

Bark scaly, gray, thin, exfoliating in irregular small patches thus mottled, per Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US.

image of Crataegus marshallii, Parsley Hawthorn, Parsley Haw

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_c_marshallii_parsley4

April    Dade County    GA

Cloudland Canyon State Park

Inflorescence pubescent, 3-12 flowered; flowers 6-10mm wide, per Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US.

image of Crataegus marshallii, Parsley Hawthorn, Parsley Haw

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_crataegus_marshallii

October        

Unmistakable when in leaf, being so unlike other native hawthorns, per Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US.

image of Crataegus marshallii, Parsley Hawthorn, Parsley Haw

Ron Lance    rwlc_marshallii

November        MS

Immediately recognizable by its deeply incised leaves and small fruits, per Weakley's Flora (2020).