Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


406

Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in GA & SC Coastal Plain (uncommon elsewhere)

Look for it in swamps, bottomland forests, alluvial woodlands, sreamsides, wet flatwoods, and uplands where soils are often basic to calcareous, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Armed with moderately stout nodal thorns (> 2cm long, 1.5-3mm in diameter)

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate
Petioles slender, usually 1/3-1/2 length of blade, eglandular

FLOWER:
Spring
White
Radially symmetrical
5-lobed calyx
5 petals
15-20 stamens (anthers yellow, pink or red)
Inferior ovary
Inflorescences of 5-20 flowers

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Orange to red, rarely yellowish
Pome

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales
Series: Virides

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Crataegus viridis   FAMILY Rosaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Crataegus viridis var. viridis   FAMILY Rosaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS National Database
Crataegus penita

INCLUDING Flora of North America
Crataegus viridis +

INCLUDING PLANTS National Database
Crataegus vulsa

SYNONYMOUS WITH The Biota of North America Program. BONAP (Kartesz, 2015)
Crataegus viridis var. viridis

INCLUDING Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US (Lance, 2014)
Crataegus viridis var. lanceolata

INCLUDING Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US (Lance, 2014)
Crataegus viridis var. ovata

INCLUDING Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US (Lance, 2014)
Crataegus viridis var. velutina

INCLUDING Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US (Lance, 2014)
Crataegus viridis var. viridis

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 097-20-005:
Crataegus viridis   FAMILY Rosaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Crataegus viridis

INCLUDING Beadle in Flora of the Southeastern US (Small, 1913)
Crataegus interior

INCLUDING Beadle in Flora of the Southeastern US (Small, 1913)
Crataegus penita

INCLUDING Beadle in Flora of the Southeastern US (Small, 1913)
Crataegus viridis

INCLUDED WITHIN Beadle in Flora of the Southeastern US (Small, 1913)
Crataegus vulsa

 

COMMON NAME:
Green Hawthorn, Greenhaw


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Crataegus viridis, Green Hawthorn, Greenhaw

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_crataegus_viridis

February        

Colorful layers of mottled bark are one of the most significant features, per Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US.

image of Crataegus viridis, Green Hawthorn, Greenhaw

Ron Lance    rwlcviridis_1

May        

In cultivation

One of our largest hawthorns, frequently reaching treelike proportions, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Crataegus viridis, Green Hawthorn, Greenhaw

Ron Lance    rwlcviridis_2

September-October        

In cultivation

Leaf shape variable, base wedge-shaped, petiole slender and partly winged, per Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US.