Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


4332

Forb
Annual

Non-native: Mediterranean Europe

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont)

Look for it in fields, roadsides, lawns, disturbed areas, vacant lots, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun

LEAVES:
Odd-pinnately compound: 3 leaflets
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellow
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-toothed campanulate calyx
5-parted papilionaceous corolla
10 stamens, diadelphous, 9 and 1
Superior ovary
Inflorescence an axillary raceme

FRUIT:
Spring
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (2/8/20):
Medicago polymorpha   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Medicago polymorpha   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Native & naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the US (Isely, 1998)
Medicago polymorpha

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 098-16-006:
Medicago polymorpha   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Medicago hispida

 

COMMON NAME:
Toothed Medick, Smooth Bur-clover


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Medicago polymorpha, Toothed Medick, Smooth Bur-clover

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_mehi_001_lvd

        

image of Medicago polymorpha, Toothed Medick, Smooth Bur-clover

JK Marlow    jkm200229_2903

February    Horry County    SC

Myrtle Beach State Park

Racemes capitate, 1-8 flowered. Peduncles 1-3cm. Petals yellow, 2.5-4mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Medicago polymorpha, Toothed Medick, Smooth Bur-clover

JK Marlow    jkm200229_2906

February    Horry County    SC

Myrtle Beach State Park

Leaflets 1-2× long as wide, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Medicago polymorpha, Toothed Medick, Smooth Bur-clover

JK Marlow    jkm200229_2910

February    Horry County    SC

Myrtle Beach State Park

Stipules deeply lacerate, incised almost to the middle or beyond, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Medicago polymorpha, Toothed Medick, Smooth Bur-clover

JK Marlow    jkm200229_2923

February    Georgetown County    SC

East Bay Park

Leaflets not marked with a central dark spot, tips not strongly notched, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Medicago polymorpha, Toothed Medick, Smooth Bur-clover

JK Marlow    jkm200229_2925

February    Georgetown County    SC

East Bay Park

Leaflets obovate to obcordate, mostly 6-15mm long, apically denticulate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.