Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


4344

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in GA Coastal Plain & SC Mountains)

Look for it in floodplain forests, swamps, openings, and borders of streams and ponds, and occasionally in dry upland woods, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked, and often a basal rosette of overwintering leaves

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Early-season ("spring") panicles terminal; later "autumnal" panicles are lateral

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Grain yellowish/Purplish
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (2/8/20):
Dichanthelium microcarpon   FAMILY Poaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Dichanthelium dichotomum ssp. microcarpon

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of Virginia (Weakley, Ludwig & Townsend, 2012)
Dichanthelium dichotomum var. ramulosum

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-81-045?:
Panicum dichotomum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Panicum nitidum var. ramulosum

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Panicum microcarpon

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Panicum microcarpon

 

COMMON NAME:
Small-fruited Witchgrass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Dichanthelium microcarpon, Small-fruited Witchgrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_pami6_001_lvd

        

image of Dichanthelium microcarpon, Small-fruited Witchgrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_pami6_002_lhd

        

image of Dichanthelium microcarpon, Small-fruited Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200525_05205

May    Greenville County    SC

Differs from D. dichotomum var. dichotomum in having smaller spikelets and ...

image of Dichanthelium microcarpon, Small-fruited Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200525_05310

May    Greenville County    SC

... having wider vernal leaf blades (7-15mm wide vs. 3-8mm wide), per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Dichanthelium microcarpon, Small-fruited Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200525_5204

May    Greenville County    SC

Spikelets small: 1.4-1.9 mm long, per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Dichanthelium microcarpon, Small-fruited Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200525_5306

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Dichanthelium microcarpon, Small-fruited Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200525_5307

May    Greenville County    SC

Leaf blades spreading, 10-12cm long, averaging 10mm wide, per The Grasses of North Carolina (Blomquist, 1948).

image of Dichanthelium microcarpon, Small-fruited Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200525_5307_copy

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Dichanthelium microcarpon, Small-fruited Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200528_5375

May    Greenville County    SC

Internodes and sheaths glabrous; usually all nodes densely bearded, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Dichanthelium microcarpon, Small-fruited Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200625_6181

June    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Dichanthelium microcarpon, Small-fruited Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200625_6183

June    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Dichanthelium microcarpon, Small-fruited Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200625_6186

June    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Nodes conspicuously bearded with reflexed hairs, culms otherwise glabrous, per The Grasses of North Carolina (Blomquist, 1948).