Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


4348

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in GA)

Look for it in dry sandy soil of open woods and prairies, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked, and often a basal rosette of overwintering leaves

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Early-season ("spring") panicles terminal; later "autumnal" panicles are lateral

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (2/8/20):
Dichanthelium villosissimum var. villosissimum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Dichanthelium villosissimum var. villosissimum   FAMILY Poaceae

INCLUDING Flora of North America
Dichanthelium ovale ssp. villosissimum

INCLUDED WITHIN The Biota of North America Program. BONAP (Kartesz, 2015)
Dichanthelium acuminatum var. acuminatum

SYNONYMOUS WITH New combinations for Panicum ... (Poaceae) of the southeast US (Lelong, 1984)
Panicum ovale var. villosum

INCLUDED WITHIN Dichanthelium (Poaceae) in the United States and Canada (Gould & Clark, 1978)
Dichanthelium acuminatum var. villosum

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-81-040:
Panicum villosissimum   FAMILY Poaceae

INCLUDING Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Panicum pseudopubescens

INCLUDING Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Panicum villosissimum

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Panicum pseudopubescens

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Panicum villosissimum

 

COMMON NAME:
Whitehair Witchgrass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Dichanthelium villosissimum var. villosissimum, Whitehair Witchgrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_paps4_001_lhd

        

image of Dichanthelium villosissimum var. villosissimum, Whitehair Witchgrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_pavi8_001_lvd

        

image of Dichanthelium villosissimum var. villosissimum, Whitehair Witchgrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_pavi8_002_lhd

        

image of Dichanthelium villosissimum var. villosissimum, Whitehair Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200531_5439

May    Greenville County    SC

Blades rather firm, 6-10cm x 5-10mm, pilose on both surfaces, per The Grasses of North Carolina (Blomquist, 1948).

image of Dichanthelium villosissimum var. villosissimum, Whitehair Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200531_5439b

May    Greenville County    SC

Internode and sheath hairs spreading to restrorse, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Dichanthelium villosissimum var. villosissimum, Whitehair Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200531_5477

May    Greenville County    SC

Vernal phase culms 25-45cm tall, erect or ascending, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Dichanthelium villosissimum var. villosissimum, Whitehair Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200531_5486

May    Greenville County    SC

The lower margins of each leaf blade are ciliate with long white hairs, per www.illinoiswildflowers.info.

image of Dichanthelium villosissimum var. villosissimum, Whitehair Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200531_5487

May    Greenville County    SC

Leaf sheaths longitudinally veined, covered with both long and short hairs, per www.illinoiswildflowers.info.

image of Dichanthelium villosissimum var. villosissimum, Whitehair Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200531_5489

May    Greenville County    SC

Generally distinguished by hairy foliage & spikelets, spikelet size (2-2.5mm), &

image of Dichanthelium villosissimum var. villosissimum, Whitehair Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200531_5491

May    Greenville County    SC

... and the width of its vernal leaf blades (4-10mm across), per www.illinoiswildflowers.info.