OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Ranunculales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Akebia quinata   FAMILY Lardizabalaceae   NEW! Click to go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Akebia quinata   FAMILY Lardizabalaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 078-01-001:
Akebia quinata   FAMILY Lardizabalaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm150201_679

February    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm150201_685

February    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm150407_198

April    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Likely to become a serious invasive alien in the Southeast in the next decade, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm150407_200

April    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

It forms dense mats in natural forests and is difficult to eradicate, per Weakley's Flora (2012).

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm150407_202

April    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm150407_203

April    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm150407_204

April    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Five broadly oval leaflets arranged in a palm fan shape, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm150407_207

April    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Long-stalked clusters of small flowers have fragrance likened to chocolate, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm150407_208

April    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm150407_212

April    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm150407_214

April    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Male flwrs smaller in terminal clusters; female 1-1.5" wide, on long stalks, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm150422_394

April    Jackson County    NC

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

Susan Lochridge    slo_20140404

April    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

Susan Lochridge    slo_20140404b

April    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm140814_551

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm140814_554

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Its vigorous climbing vines cover and kill small trees and shrubs, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm140814_559

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Leaflets obovate to elliptic to oblong, terminal leaflet usually largest, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm140814_620

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm140814_622

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm140814_623

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm140814_624

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Akebia quinata, Five-leaf Akebia, Chocolate-vine

JK Marlow    jkm140922_851

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Holding its own with Kudzu.

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Akebia quinata   FAMILY Lardizabalaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Akebia quinata   FAMILY Lardizabalaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 078-01-001:
Akebia quinata   FAMILY Lardizabalaceae

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

45

Woody vine
Perennial
Monoecious

Non-native: Japan, China & Korea

Habitat: Escaped from cultivation to roadbanks, suburban woodlands, and floodplains, per Weakley's Flora

map
NEW! Click here to see a map from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US showing range and abundance.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)


INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

 

LEAVES:
Deciduous/Semi-evergreen
Palmately compound: 5 leaflets
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Purplish/ Purple
Functionally unisexual
3-merous
3 sepals (usually)
Petals absent
6 stamens in staminate flowers

FRUIT:
Summer
Purple/Violet
Follicle

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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