Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


48

Forb
Winter annual/Biennial

Non-native: Europe
Documented growing wild in GA NC -

Common (rare in GA & NC)

Look for it in moist forests in bottomlands and on slopes, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
Mid-Atlantic Exotic Pest Plant Council
NC Botanical Garden
NC Department of Transportation
SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
US Fish & Wildlife Service
US Forest Service Southern Research Station
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, reduced upward

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
4 sepals
4 petals
6 stamens slightly tetradynamous (2 short, 4 long)

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Silique

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Malvids: Brassicales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Alliaria petiolata   FAMILY Brassicaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Alliaria petiolata   FAMILY Brassicaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 088-13-001:
Alliaria petiolata   FAMILY Brassicaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Alliaria officinalis

 

COMMON NAME:
Garlic Mustard, Hedge Garlic


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Alliaria petiolata, image of Alliaria petiolata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_alal8_001_lvd

        

picture of Alliaria petiolata, image of Alliaria petiolata

JK Marlow    jkm140421_532

April    Buncombe County    NC

Botanical Gardens at Asheville

Terminal tight clusters of small white flowers, opening progressing upward, per Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests.

picture of Alliaria petiolata, image of Alliaria petiolata

JK Marlow    jkm070519_086

May    Avery County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Now a noxious weed in northeastern US, invading undisturbed moist forests, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Alliaria petiolata, image of Alliaria petiolata

JK Marlow    jkm070519_089

May    Avery County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Leaves heart-shaped to triangular with coarse teeth and a garlic-like odor, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

picture of Alliaria petiolata, image of Alliaria petiolata

JK Marlow    jkm150605_139

June    Watauga County    NC

Glen Burnie Trail

Fruit 4-sided, erect to ascending pods, initially resembling stem branches, per Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests.

picture of Alliaria petiolata, image of Alliaria petiolata

JK Marlow    jkm150605_141

June    Watauga County    NC

Glen Burnie Trail