Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


537

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in moist bottomland or slope forests, or in rather dry upland habitats, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal (2)

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellow
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals
6 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum   FAMILY Liliaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-26-001?:
Erythronium americanum   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Dimpled Trout Lily, Dogtooth Violet


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

Keith Bradley    kab_e_umbilicatum_3660

February    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

Keith Bradley    kab_e_umbilicatum_3680

February    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

A nodding, solitary yellow flower above a pair of elongated, mottled leaves, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

Keith Bradley    kab_e_umbilicatum_3850

February    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

JK Marlow    jkm0503b_20

March    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

Looking at the flower from behind.

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

JK Marlow    jkm090321_254b

March    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

Ssp. umbilicatum doesn't have stolons, so most plants in a population bloom, per Flora of North America.

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

JK Marlow    jkm100313_114

March    Gadsden County    FL

Angus Gholson Nature Park

In center of picture, a monocot seed leaf.

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

JK Marlow    jkm100313_303

March    Grady County    GA

Wolf Creek Preserve

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

JK Marlow    jkm160323_060

March    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

JK Marlow    jkm180310_156

March    Pickens County    SC

Nine Times Preserve

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmeumbillicatum_glsy12

March    Pickens County    SC

Glassy Mountain Heritage Preserve

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmeumbillicatum_glsy18

March    Pickens County    SC

Glassy Mountain Heritage Preserve

Anthers usually lavender, brown, cinnamon, or purple (sometimes yellow), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_e_umbilicatum_48

March        

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_e_umbilicatum_dimpled

March        

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

JK Marlow    jkm0404f_04

April    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Best distinguished by the indented (not rounded) summit of the capsule, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

JK Marlow    jkm170419_373

April    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

Keith Bradley    kab_e_umbilicatum_4469

April    Transylvania County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

Keith Bradley    kab_e_umbilicatum_5394

April    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmeumbillicatum_lex1b

April        

Apex of mature capsule usually pointed downward, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

Steve Marlow    snm082904_05a

April    Polk County    SC

Pearson's Falls

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

Harry Davis    hld537_crw_6110

May        

Blue Ridge Parkway

Flowers close at night; as they open each morning the tepals curve backward, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

JK Marlow    jkm0505o_14

May    Transylvania County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Some populations form dense populations of plants, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmeumbillicatum_bm1

May        

Anthers usually lavender, brown, cinnamon, or purple (sometimes yellow), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmeumbillicatum_glsy5

May    Pickens County    SC

Glassy Mountain Heritage Preserve