Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


541

Woody vine
Perennial

Non-native: China
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Rare

Look for it in bottomlands or swamps, upland suburban woodlands. Sometimes climbing into the canopy, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
NC Department of Transportation
SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
US Fish & Wildlife Service
US Forest Service Southern Research Station
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014

 

LEAVES:
Deciduous or weakly evergreen
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Greenish-white
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
4-merous
4 petals
4 stamens
Superior ovary
Flowers in axillary clusters

FRUIT:
Fall
Pinkish/Red
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Celastrales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Euonymus fortunei   FAMILY Celastraceae

GREATER THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Euonymus fortunei var. radicans   FAMILY Celastraceae

GREATER THAN PLANTS National Database
Euonymus kiautschovica

 

COMMON NAME:
Wintercreeper, Climbing Euonymus, Chinese Spindle-tree


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Euonymus fortunei

JK Marlow    jkm160103_132

January    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Euonymus fortunei

Terry Holdsclaw    tdh_euonymus_fortunei_1b

February    Mecklenburg County    NC

Dangling paired or single pinkish-to-red capsules split to reveal seed, per Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests.

image of Euonymus fortunei

JK Marlow    jkm150407_121

April    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Euonymus fortunei

JK Marlow    jkm150516_065

May    Greenville County    SC

The vinelike habit enables access up tree trunks by aerial rootlets, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Euonymus fortunei

Terry Holdsclaw    tdh_e_fortunei_6410

May    Mecklenburg County    NC

Axillary clusters of inconspicuous flowers at the ends of Y-shaped stems, per Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests.

image of Euonymus fortunei

Terry Holdsclaw    tdh_e_fortunei_7025

June    Mecklenburg County    NC

This evergreen climbing shrub climbs up trees, rocks, and buildings, per Invasive Plants, Weeds of the Global Garden.

image of Euonymus fortunei

JK Marlow    s040720_b

July    Abbeville County    SC

image of Euonymus fortunei

JK Marlow    jkm140809_452

August    Greenville County    SC

Lake Conestee Nature Park

Wintercreeper spreads across the ground to form a dense groundcover, per Invasive Plants, Weeds of the Global Garden.

image of Euonymus fortunei

JK Marlow    jkm130928_720

September    Spartanburg County    SC

Leaves broadly oval, moderately thick, with base tapering to petiole, per Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests.

image of Euonymus fortunei

JK Marlow    jkm141031_502

October    Greenville County    SC

Lake Conestee Nature Park

image of Euonymus fortunei

JK Marlow    jkm141031_523

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Note non-flowering juvenile phase at tree base and flowering phase higher up.

image of Euonymus fortunei

JK Marlow    jkm141031_526

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

The capsule is pale or light pink, the arils orange, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Euonymus fortunei

JK Marlow    jkm141031_527

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Euonymus fortunei

JK Marlow    jkm141031_529

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Flowers and fruit tend to form only on plants with the opportunity to climb, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.

image of Euonymus fortunei

JK Marlow    jkm141031_533

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Euonymus fortunei

JK Marlow    jkm141031_535

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Euonymus fortunei

JK Marlow    jkm141031_546

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Euonymus fortunei

JK Marlow    jkm141031_548

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Climbing vines reach 40-70' and can kill shrubs and small trees, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.

image of Euonymus fortunei

JK Marlow    jkm161028_025

October    Greenville County    SC

Lake Conestee Nature Park

image of Euonymus fortunei

JK Marlow    jkm161028_027

October    Greenville County    SC

Lake Conestee Nature Park

image of Euonymus fortunei

JK Marlow    jkm161028_028

October    Greenville County    SC

Lake Conestee Nature Park