Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


566

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Non-native: Eurasia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in fields, roadsides, pastures, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
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INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

 

 

full sun

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal & low alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Inflorescence a panicle

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Grain reddish
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (2/8/20):
Lolium arundinaceum   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Schedonorus arundinaceus   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Lolium arundinaceum

INCLUDED WITHIN & NOM. UTIQUE REJ. VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-18-007:
Festuca elatior   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Festuca elatior var. arundinacea

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Festuca arundinacea

INCLUDED WITHIN & NOM. UTIQUE REJ. Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Festuca elatior

 

COMMON NAME:
Tall Fescue, Alta Fescue


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Lolium arundinaceum, Tall Fescue, Alta Fescue

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_loar10_002_lvd

        

The best generic placement of this and S. pratensis is disputed, per Weakley's Flora (2018).

image of Lolium arundinaceum, Tall Fescue, Alta Fescue

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmfarundinacea_home1

April    Anderson County    SC

image of Lolium arundinaceum, Tall Fescue, Alta Fescue

JK Marlow    jkm200522_5161

May    Transylvania County    NC

image of Lolium arundinaceum, Tall Fescue, Alta Fescue

JK Marlow    jkm200522_5164

May    Transylvania County    NC

Introduced for forage and roadside seeding, per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Lolium arundinaceum, Tall Fescue, Alta Fescue

JK Marlow    jkm200522_5169

May    Transylvania County    NC

Inflorescence long (to 1') & rather slender w short branches; often leaning, per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Lolium arundinaceum, Tall Fescue, Alta Fescue

JK Marlow    jkm200522_5169b

May    Transylvania County    NC

Spikelets have 3-6 florets and lack awns. L. pratense is very similar, per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Lolium arundinaceum, Tall Fescue, Alta Fescue

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmfarundinacea_cc

May    Collier County    FL

Spikelets 10-25mm long, ellipsoid with a pointed tip, short stalked, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.