Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Ranunculales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
Read about Hydrastis’s search for a family from Alan Weakley and the Southern Appalachian Botanical Society.
Learn more about Goldenseal from the Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
Ron Lance rwl_hydrastis_canad
March Jackson County NC
Big Ridge Preserve
Leaves 5-7" wide, palmately veined and deeply lobed, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.
JK Marlow jkm150412_235b
April Pickens County SC
Flower composed of numerous greenish-white stamens, per Newcomb's Wildflower Guide.
JK Marlow jkm150412_235c
April Pickens County SC
Flower solitary, superior ovary with numerous carpels. Scape densely hirsute, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.
Tim Spira tpshcanadensis3
A single basal leaf and two more leaves near the top of the stem, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.
Richard and Teresa Ware rtw_h_canadensis_2
Leaves appear wrinkled during flowering, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.
JK Marlow jkm0407h_30
July Haywood County NC
Corneille Bryan Native Garden
Fruits are dark red berries,1-2 seeded, borne in a cluster, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.
COMPARE fruits that are an aggregate of berries
Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC
Look for it in mesic, very nutrient-rich forests, with circumneutral soils, over calcareous or mafic rocks such as limestone, amphibolite, & dolostone, sometimes forming large colonies after canopy disturbance such as logging, per Weakley's Flora
Aggregate of berries
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee p139
- Newcomb's Wildflower Guide p420
- Southern Appalachian Wildflowers p057
- Wildflowers of the Atlantic Southeast p213
- Wildflowers of the Eastern United States p012
- Wildflowers of Tennessee p040
- Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians p061
- Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont p398
- Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains p049