Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


710

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Rare

Look for it in mesic, very nutrient-rich forests, with circumneutral soils, over calcareous or mafic rocks such as limestone, amphibolite, & dolostone, sometimes forming large colonies after canopy disturbance such as logging, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
White
3 sepals
Petals absent

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Red
Aggregate of berries

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Ranunculales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Hydrastis canadensis   FAMILY Hydrastidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Hydrastis canadensis   FAMILY Ranunculaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 076-05-001:
Hydrastis canadensis   FAMILY Ranunculaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Goldenseal


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Hydrastis canadensis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_hyca_001_lvd

        

image of Hydrastis canadensis

Ron Lance    rwl_hydrastis_canad

March    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve

Leaves 5-7" wide, palmately veined and deeply lobed, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Hydrastis canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm080421_025

April    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Hydrastis canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm150412_235b

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Flower composed of numerous greenish-white stamens, per Newcomb's Wildflower Guide.

image of Hydrastis canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm150412_235c

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Flower solitary, superior ovary with numerous carpels. Scape densely hirsute, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Hydrastis canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm150412_236

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Hydrastis canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm150412_237

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Hydrastis canadensis

Keith Bradley    kab_h_canadensis_5235

April    Watauga County    NC

Daniel Boone Native Gardens

image of Hydrastis canadensis

Keith Bradley    kab_h_canadensis_5250

April    Watauga County    NC

Daniel Boone Native Gardens

image of Hydrastis canadensis

Tim Spira    tpshcanadensis3

April        

A single basal leaf and two more leaves near the top of the stem, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Hydrastis canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0305r_11

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Hydrastis canadensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_h_canadensis_2

May        

Leaves appear wrinkled during flowering, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Hydrastis canadensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_h_canadensis_6

May        

image of Hydrastis canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0407h_30

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Fruits are dark red berries,1-2 seeded, borne in a cluster, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruits that are an aggregate of berries

image of Hydrastis canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm170818_661

August    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve