Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


733

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in moist forests, dry forests esp over more fertile soils, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Elymus hystrix var. hystrix   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Elymus hystrix var. hystrix   FAMILY Poaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-24-001:
Hystrix patula   FAMILY Poaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Common Bottlebrush Grass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Elymus hystrix var. hystrix

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_hypa3_001_lvd

        

image of Elymus hystrix var. hystrix

JK Marlow    jkm170527_056

May    McCormick County    SC

Blades flat, mostly 7-15mm wide, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Elymus hystrix var. hystrix

JK Marlow    jkm170527_058

May    McCormick County    SC

Lemmas convex, rigid, tapering into slender, straight awns 1-4cm long, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Elymus hystrix var. hystrix

JK Marlow    jkm170527_061

May    McCormick County    SC

Awned spikelets spread at right angles to rachis; glumes absent or reduced, per How to Know the Grasses by R.W. Pohl.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE seedheads of Bottlebrush Grass, Cereal Rye, and Virginia Wild-rye

image of Elymus hystrix var. hystrix

Gill Newberry    gn06_h_patula_inflorscenc

June        

image of Elymus hystrix var. hystrix

Gill Newberry    gn06_hpatula_plant

June        

image of Elymus hystrix var. hystrix

JK Marlow    jkm0406c_27

June    Chester County    SC

Landsford Canal State Park

Spikelets usually 2 per node of rachis, usually horizontally divergent, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE seedheads of Bottlebrush Grass, Cereal Rye, and Virginia Wild-rye

image of Elymus hystrix var. hystrix

JK Marlow    jkm0506m_29

June    Union County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

image of Elymus hystrix var. hystrix

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmehystrix_wadakoe

June    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Elymus hystrix var. hystrix

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_e_hystrix_6_02_07_4

June    Floyd County    GA

image of Elymus hystrix var. hystrix

JK Marlow    jkm180814_3809

August    McCormick County    SC

Parks Mill

image of Elymus hystrix var. hystrix

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmehystrix_wm1

Month Unknown    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Rachis internodes 5-10mm, spikelets horizontally spreading toward maturity, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.