Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


853

Forb
Perennial
Has milky sap (latex)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it on streambanks, riverbanks, marshes, swamp forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
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partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate (basal usually withered by flowering)

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Red
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-lobed calyx
2-lipped 5-lobed corolla
5 stamens, completely united
Flowers in a terminal raceme

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Asterales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Lobelia cardinalis   FAMILY Campanulaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Lobelia cardinalis   FAMILY Campanulaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 178-06-001:
Lobelia cardinalis   FAMILY Campanulaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Cardinal Flower


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Lobelia cardinalis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_loca2_001_lvd

        

image of Lobelia cardinalis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_loca2_013_lvd

        

image of Lobelia cardinalis

JK Marlow    jkm0307k_23

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Lobelia cardinalis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_lobelia_cardinalis

July        

image of Lobelia cardinalis

JK Marlow    jkm140822_016

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Leaves lanceolate, 2-6" long, with toothed margins, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Lobelia cardinalis

Keith Bradley    kab_l_cardinalis_2704

August    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Lobelia cardinalis

Tim Spira    tpslcardinalis3

August        

Intensely red or scarlet tubular flowers crowded in a terminal raceme, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Lobelia cardinalis

JK Marlow    jkm070908_016

September    Greenville County    SC

Creekside/Riverside

Calyx lobes linear, 6-22mm long, entire, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Lobelia cardinalis

JK Marlow    jkm070910_003b

September    Greenville County    SC

Creekside/Riverside

The 5 stamens unite around the style, per All About South Carolina Wildflowers.

image of Lobelia cardinalis

JK Marlow    jkm070910_003c

September    Greenville County    SC

Creekside/Riverside

The upper lip has 2 short lobes; the spreading lower lip has 3 lobes, per All About South Carolina Wildflowers.

image of Lobelia cardinalis

JK Marlow    jkm080901_016

September    Pickens County    SC

Creekside/Riverside

image of Lobelia cardinalis

JK Marlow    jkm140909_538

September    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Lobelia lvs w obscure whitish callus-tipped & oft irregular or divergent teeth, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Lobelia cardinalis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_lobelia_cardinalis_2

September        

image of Lobelia cardinalis

Paul Thompson    pstlobelia_cardinalis2b

September?        

Fruits are inflated, ellipsoid capsules, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Lobelia cardinalis

JK Marlow    jkm151006_313b

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail